Section 1906 Racial Profiling Prohibition Grants

History and Administration

The Section 1906 Racial Prohibition Grants program was authorized under SAFETEA-LU. It was administered by by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the federal level and the State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) at the state level. Although this program was not reauthorized under MAP-21, the FAST Act revived the grant program for FY 2017-2020 with some changes and the law requirement was removed.

Purpose

This program provides grants to encourage states to maintain and allow public inspection of statistical information on the race and ethnicity of the driver for all motor vehicle stops made on all public roads except local or minor rural roads.

Requirements

Under the FAST Act, a state is eligible for a grant by:

  1. Maintaining and allowing public inspection of statistical information on the race and ethnicity of the driver for each motor vehicle stop made by a law enforcement officer of a Federal ad highway or,
  2. Undertaking activities during the fiscal year of the grant to do so.

Eligible states are able to use grant funds to:

  1. Collect and maintain data on traffic stops; or,
  2. Evaluate the results of the data

Funding

The FAST Act authorizes the Section 1906 program at $7.5 million each year for FY2017 – 2020. Eligible states cannot receive more than 5% of the total annual funding. A state may not qualify by providing assurances for grants for more than two years. The federal share payable is 80%. States may use grant funds only for the costs of 1) collecting and maintaining data on traffic stops, and 2) evaluating the results of the data. Funds remaining available each fiscal year may be reallocated by NHTSA to carry our activities authorized under Section 403.