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Section 154 Open Container Transfer
Provision

All State Highway Safety Grant Programs

History and Administration

The open container transfer provision was initially authorized under the Transportation Equity Act of the 21st Century (TEA-21) and reauthorized under SAFETEA-LU and MAP-21. This transfer provision is jointly administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).

Purpose

This transfer provision encourages states to enact an open container law.

Requirements

This transfer provision requires states to enact and enforce a law that prohibits the possession of any open alcohol beverage container, or the consumption of any alcoholic beverage, in the passenger area of any motor vehicle located on a public highway, or the right-of-way of a public highway, in the states.

NHTSA has published guidance on “common pitfalls” for compliance with the minimum requirements of Section 154. States that fail to comply with these minimum requirements have a portion of their highway funds transfered into the state's Section 402 program.

Under MAP-21, the state may elect to use all or a portion of the penalty transfer funds for activities eligible under the Section 148 Highway Safety Improvement Program. If the state does so, then the funds are transferred from FHWA directly to the state department of transportation for the administration of those funds. SHSOs will no longer be required to track HSIP expenditures in that case.

Funding

States that failed to enact an open container law by FY 2001 and FY 2002 had 1.5% of their National Highway System (NHS), Surface Transportation Program (STP) and Interstate Maintenance (IM) funds transferred to the Section 402 program. In subsequent years and under SAFETEA-LU, the amount transferred grew to 3%.

In FY 2012 and every year thereafter, if state is not in compliance with the revised open container penalty provisions, then 2.5% of the National Highway System Performance Plan and the Surface Transportation Program funds are transferred to Section 402 in the subsequent fiscal year. (The amount of the transfer may actually be larger than under SAFETEA-LU since the two core highway programs from which funds are transferred are actually larger.)

Total dollar amounts transfered under SAFETEA-LU and MAP-21 are shown below. Click on a column header to see all federal highway safety funding for that fiscal year.

State SAFETEA-LU MAP-21
Ala.                  
Alaska 4,121,868 5,017,637 5,688,462 5,964,668 8,051,771 9,367,630 9,127,874 10,573,640  
A.S.                  
Ariz.                  
Ark. 6,929,851 7,936,181 8,310,736 8,646,747 9,636,022 10,163,062 9,735,245 11,306,436  
Calif.                  
Colo.                  
Conn. 5,031,352 5,437,097 5,336,421 5,650,319 6,080,142 6,305,977 6,012,977 10,150,795 4,809,834
Del. 2,221,681 2,543,170 2,719,495 2, 874,375 3,278,985 3,493,544 3,364,123 3,488,905 1,157,223
D.C.               3,309,677  
Fla.                  
Ga.                  
Guam                  
Hawaii               3,519,399  
Idaho                  
Ill.     21,458,506            
Indian Ntns.                  
Ind.               20,192,867  
Iowa                  
Kan.                  
Ky.                  
La. 7,029,142 7,830,641 8,166,215 9,385,290 10,395,744 10,933,920 10,479,308 15,404,574 875,913
Maine               3,866,043  
Md.               12,061,700  
Mass.     7,611,986            
Mich.                  
Minn.                  
Miss. 6,796,266 7,575,497 7,858,397 8,415,860 9,301,797 9,764,068 9,366,339 10,566,261 5,006,697
Mo. 12,139,237 14,049,460 14,991,263 15,664,238 17,215,444 18,116,765 17,335,413 20,602,715 4,646,879
Mont.                  
Neb.                  
Nev.               7,326,301  
N.H.                  
N.J.                  
N.M.               7,948,365  
N.Y.                  
N.C.               22,066,692  
N.D.                  
M.P.                  
Ohio                  
Okla.                  
Ore.                  
Pa.                  
P.R. 2,375,513 2,808,046 3,076,037 3,226,925 3,378,681 3,346,159 3,198,083   1,090,581
R.I.                  
S.C.                  
S.D.               6,010,498 1,424,002
Tenn. 11,927,224 13,847,567 14,655,191 15,169,127 16,386,685 16,966,796 16,219,646 18,014,522 12,803,951
Texas                  
Utah                  
Vt.                  
V.I.                  
Va. 13,696,078 16,281,147 16,621,832 16,858,368 18,075,908 18,645,341 17,820,619 21,413,951 9,537,941
Wash.                  
W.Va. 3,838,438 4,563,956 4,848,497 5,725,125 6,431,353 6,697,673 6,511,902 9,446,463  
Wis                  
Wy. 4,450,879 5,080,960 5,334,306 5,540,614 5,829,665 5,975,295 5,691,063 5,477,401  
Total $ 80,557,529 92,971,359 126,677,344 103,121,656 114,062,197 119,776,230 114,862,592 222,747,205 41,353,021
Total States 11 + PR 11 + PR 13 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 19 + D.C. 8 + PR