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Section 154 Open Container Transfer
Provision

All State Highway Safety Grant Programs

History and Administration

The open container transfer provision was initially authorized under the Transportation Equity Act of the 21st Century (TEA-21) and reauthorized under SAFETEA-LU and MAP-21. This transfer provision is jointly administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA).

Purpose

This transfer provision encourages states to enact an open container law.

Requirements

This transfer provision requires states to enact and enforce a law that prohibits the possession of any open alcohol beverage container, or the consumption of any alcoholic beverage, in the passenger area of any motor vehicle located on a public highway, or the right-of-way of a public highway, in the states.

NHTSA has published guidance on “common pitfalls” for compliance with the minimum requirements of Section 154. States that fail to comply with these minimum requirements have a portion of their highway funds transfered into the state's Section 402 program.

Under MAP-21, the state may elect to use all or a portion of the penalty transfer funds for activities eligible under the Section 148 Highway Safety Improvement Program. If the state does so, then the funds are transferred from FHWA directly to the state department of transportation for the administration of those funds. SHSOs will no longer be required to track HSIP expenditures in that case.

Funding

States that failed to enact an open container law by FY 2001 and FY 2002 had 1.5% of their National Highway System (NHS), Surface Transportation Program (STP) and Interstate Maintenance (IM) funds transferred to the Section 402 program. In subsequent years and under SAFETEA-LU, the amount transferred grew to 3%.

In FY 2012 and every year thereafter, if state is not in compliance with the revised open container penalty provisions, then 2.5% of the National Highway System Performance Plan and the Surface Transportation Program funds are transferred to Section 402 in the subsequent fiscal year. (The amount of the transfer may actually be larger than under SAFETEA-LU since the two core highway programs from which funds are transferred are actually larger.)

Total dollar amounts transfered under SAFETEA-LU and MAP-21 are shown below. Click on a column header to see all federal highway safety funding for that fiscal year.

State MAP-21 FAST Act
Ala.        
Alaska 10,573,640      
A.S.        
Ariz.        
Ark. 11,306,436     877,544
Calif.        
Colo.        
Conn. 10,150,795 4,809,834 4,779,159 4,934,160
Del. 3,488,905 1,157,223 1,149,843 1,186,480
D.C. 3,309,677      
Fla.        
Ga.        
Guam        
Hawaii 3,519,399     1,709,380
Idaho        
Ill.        
Indian Ntns.        
Ind. 20,192,867      
Iowa        
Kan.        
Ky.        
La. 15,404,574 875,913 870,327 1,046,032
Maine 3,866,043      
Md. 12,061,700      
Mass.        
Mich.        
Minn.        
Miss. 10,566,261 5,006,697 4,974,767 5,125,542
Mo. 20,602,715 4,646,879 4,617,244 4,757,651
Mont.        
Neb.        
Nev. 7,326,301      
N.H.        
N.J.        
N.M. 7,948,365      
N.Y.        
N.C. 22,066,692      
N.D.        
M.P.        
Ohio        
Okla.        
Ore.        
Pa.        
P.R.   1,090,581 812,766 861,559
R.I.        
S.C.        
S.D. 6,010,498 1,424,002    
Tenn. 18,014,522 12,803,951 10,347,465 10,667,811
Texas        
Utah        
Vt.        
V.I.        
Va. 21,413,951 9,537,941    
Wash.        
W.Va. 9,446,463   889,510  
Wis        
Wy. 5,477,401     1,488,751
Total $ 222,747,205 41,353,021 28,441,081 32,654,910
Total States 19 + D.C. 8 + PR 8 + PR 9 + PR

 

State SAFETEA-LU
Ala.              
Alaska 4,121,868 5,017,637 5,688,462 5,964,668 8,051,771 9,367,630 9,127,874
A.S.              
Ariz.              
Ark. 6,929,851 7,936,181 8,310,736 8,646,747 9,636,022 10,163,062 9,735,245
Calif.              
Colo.              
Conn. 5,031,352 5,437,097 5,336,421 5,650,319 6,080,142 6,305,977 6,012,977
Del. 2,221,681 2,543,170 2,719,495 2, 874,375 3,278,985 3,493,544 3,364,123
D.C.              
Fla.              
Ga.              
Guam              
Hawaii              
Idaho              
Ill.     21,458,506        
Indian Ntns.              
Ind.              
Iowa              
Kan.              
Ky.              
La. 7,029,142 7,830,641 8,166,215 9,385,290 10,395,744 10,933,920 10,479,308
Maine              
Md.              
Mass.     7,611,986        
Mich.              
Minn.              
Miss. 6,796,266 7,575,497 7,858,397 8,415,860 9,301,797 9,764,068 9,366,339
Mo. 12,139,237 14,049,460 14,991,263 15,664,238 17,215,444 18,116,765 17,335,413
Mont.              
Neb.              
Nev.              
N.H.              
N.J.              
N.M.              
N.Y.              
N.C.              
N.D.              
M.P.              
Ohio              
Okla.              
Ore.              
Pa.              
P.R. 2,375,513 2,808,046 3,076,037 3,226,925 3,378,681 3,346,159 3,198,083
R.I.              
S.C.              
S.D.              
Tenn. 11,927,224 13,847,567 14,655,191 15,169,127 16,386,685 16,966,796 16,219,646
Texas              
Utah              
Vt.              
V.I.              
Va. 13,696,078 16,281,147 16,621,832 16,858,368 18,075,908 18,645,341 17,820,619
Wash.              
W.Va. 3,838,438 4,563,956 4,848,497 5,725,125 6,431,353 6,697,673 6,511,902
Wis              
Wy. 4,450,879 5,080,960 5,334,306 5,540,614 5,829,665 5,975,295 5,691,063
Total $ 80,557,529 92,971,359 126,677,344 103,121,656 114,062,197 119,776,230 114,862,592
Total States 11 + PR 11 + PR 13 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR 11 + PR