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Section 402 State and Community Highway
Safety Grant Program

All State Highway Safety Grant Programs

History and Administration

The State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program, commonly referred to as Section 402, was initially authorized by the Highway Safety Act of 1966 and has been reauthorized and amended a number of times since then, most recently under MAP-21, with relatively few changes from SAFETEA-LU.

The program is jointly administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) at the federal level and by the State Highway Safety Offices (SHSO) at the state level.

Purpose

The Section 402 program provides grants to states to improve driver behavior and reduce deaths and injuries from motor vehicle-related crashes.

Requirements

Under MAP-21, states are required to have a highway safety program that is approved by the Secretary. Funds can be spent in accordance with national guidelines for programs to:

In addition, states may (but are not required to) spend 402 funds on teen driver programs. If they do choose to fund these programs, they must fund peer-to-peer and prevention strategies. No 402 funds can be spent on the implementation of automated enforcement programs.

States must agree to three new assurances (that is, certifications) under MAP-21, in addition to the assurances required under SAFETEA-LU. These focus on state participation in national mobilizations, establishment of a data-driven enforcement program and coordination of the plan required under Section 402 with the state’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan (required under a different section of MAP-21).

$2.5 million of Section 402 funds are earmarked for a national cooperative research program.

States must submit an annual Highway Safety Plan (HSP) which must be data-driven and set quantifiable, annual performance targets for 15 performance measures. The plan must include strategies that will allow the state to meet its performance targets and must describe its successes in meeting its performance targets in the previous fiscal year.

States are required to submit their Section 402 and Section 405 consolidated grant application by July 1 of each fiscal year. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will have 60 days to review and approve or disapprove the consolidated grant application.

Funding

Funds are apportioned to the states under the same formula as SAFETEA-LU: 75% population and 25% road-miles. At least 40% of Section 402 funds must be spent by local governments or be used for the benefit of local governments.

MAP-21 authorizes funding for the 402 program at $235 million each year in FY 2013 and FY 2014. Fiscal Year funding under SAFETEA-LU (FY 2006 - FY 2012) and MAP-21 (FY 2013 - FY 2014) is illustrated in the chart below. Click on a column header to see all federal highway safety funding for that fiscal year.

State SAFETEA-LU MAP-21
Ala. 3,608,017 3,679,651 3,690,222 3,860,407 3,856,400 3,808,758 3,860,802 3,845,784 3,814,087
Alaska 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,755
A.S. 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 585,125 580,925
Ariz. 3,497,557 3,600,940 3,566,418 3,724,875 3,720,276 4,161,471 4,164,699 4,159,187 4,127,809
Ark. 2,695,382 2,756,423 2,773,530 2,899,449 2,898,965 2,891,000 2,887,159 2,874,430 2,848,431
Calif. 20,358,137 20,841,918 20,451,688 21,364,288 21,376,394 21,447,553 21,443,790 21,364,907 21,246,578
Colo. 3,422,464 3,507,390 3,496,740 3,649,569 3,647,419 3,806,281 3,803,760 3,788,830 3,757,892
Conn. 2,098,888 2,149,098 2,112,181 2,205,640 2,205,755 2,126,507 2,125,354 2,118,076 2,101,410
Del. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
D.C. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Fla. 10,109,434 10,360,803 10,214,350 10,655,459 10,648,624 11,310,058 11,308,359 11,266,225 11,179,101
Ga. 5,889,764 6,035,692 5,986,828 6,254,917 6,293,657 6,654,565 6,667,220 6,649,181 6,621,264
Guam 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 585,125 580,925
Hawaii 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Idaho 1,296,592 1,326,009 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Ill. 8,440,229 8,639,780 8,536,132 8,910,629 8,909,651 8,512,149 8,505,377 8,471,426 8,468,758
Indian Ntns. 4,294,026 4,397,400 4,497,400 4,697,400 4,697,400 4,697,400 4,697,400 4,681,000 4,647,400
Ind. 4,478,431 4,589,851 4,571,991 4,759,030 4,756,964 4,665,475 4,662,177 4,649,790 4,613,718
Iowa 3,025,774 3,095,204 3,113,394 3,247,265 3,243,100 3,158,119 3,153,642 3,139,451 3,110,825
Kan. 3,168,620 3,244,480 3,342,165 3,481,778 3,480,910 3,429,058 3,421,564 3,403,679 3,372,309
Ky. 3,158,798 3,239,844 3,225,075 3,369,347 3,368,440 3,323,538 3,323,180 3,309,842 3,282,777
La. 3,178,495 3,252,190 3,219,639 3,360,628 3,359,049 3,175,578 3,173,083 3,164,552 3,133,943
Maine 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Md. 3,237,794 3,316,360 3,258,565 3,404,680 3,404,603 3,391,537 3,390,994 3,389,295 3,363,752
Mass. 3,866,587 3,959,515 3,887,977 4,059,963 4,059,880 3,853,127 3,852,547 3,838,830 3,809,495
Mich. 6,900,407 7,048,850 6,973,065 7,274,870 7,270,998 6,755,003 6,754,159 6,728,737 6,672,725
Minn. 4,327,252 4,426,909 4,428,046 4,699,883 4,695,896 4,644,538 4,639,462 4,626,807 4,587,163
Miss. 2,474,600 2,532,623 2,531,997 2,643,663 2,644,321 2,566,626 2,564,625 2,554,080 2,532,147
Mo. 4,628,513 4,735,122 4,720,485 4,950,969 4,954,105 4,886,305 4,888,140 4,878,029 4,839,494
Mont. 1,371,742 1,400,104 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Neb. 2,110,203 2,157,572 2,181,920 2,274,231 2,273,572 2,244,505 2,240,732 2,229,498 2,210,655
Nev. 1,507,235 1,550,291 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,868,169 1,869,685 1,886,842 1,894,828
N.H. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
N.J. 5,005,514 5,129,873 5,029,867 5,254,171 5,252,614 5,037,446 5,041,398 5,022,294 4,984,731
N.M. 1,794,536 1,831,580 1,838,814 1,981,239 1,979,126 2,009,978 2,006,925 1,998,058 1,979,668
N.Y. 11,638,301 11,915,248 11,704,681 12,220,901 12,226,595 11,508,265 11,503,683 11,460,515 11,373,068
N.C. 5,633,697 5,770,870 5,715,545 5,975,238 5,980,760 6,346,500 6,347,823 6,326,297 6,277,277
N.D. 1,453,552 1,484,719 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
M.P. 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 585,125 580,925
Ohio 7,690,358 7,870,904 7,776,723 8,116,639 8,080,782 7,617,572 7,616,115 7,586,718 7,525,412
Okla. 3,292,977 3,369,999 3,380,662 3,522,680 3,523,796 3,501,636 3,492,897 3,476,593 3,445,134
Ore. 2,678,691 2,722,972 2,704,760 2,756,760 2,747,246 2,786,030 2,783,769 2,772,328 2,750,489
Pa. 8,135,906 8,326,807 8,222,136 8,585,361 8,583,135 8,200,445 8,174,544 8,132,253 8,067,838
P.R. 2,248,799 2,302,974 2,260,648 2,362,117 2,363,947 2,137,866 2,137,309 2,129,387 2,122,626
R.I. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
S.C. 3,000,830 3,069,888 3,046,679 3,178,721 3,176,145 3,291,878 3,285,678 3,271,956 3,247,945
S.D. 1,472,738 1,509,078 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Tenn. 4,191,984 4,307,904 4,286,259 4,466,953 4,478,971 4,549,282 4,558,549 4,557,808 4,519,861
Texas 15,070,584 15,432,463 15,306,079 15,978,702 15,974,123 17,204,728 17,224,842 17,150,974 17,013,424
Utah 1,744,772 1,795,754 1,789,109 1,872,995 1,877,938 2,041,021 2,042,506 2,041,186 2,027,352
Vt. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
V.I. 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 585,125 580,925
Va. 4,715,036 4,830,829 4,771,851 4,984,827 4,999,384 5,128,104 5,127,562 5,108,782 5,069,487
Wash. 4,202,727 4,328,363 4,285,410 4,474,030 4,472,000 4,606,229 4,607,041 4,587,465 4,551,441
W.Va. 1,443,924 1,477,195 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Wis 4,332,858 4,473,711 4,424,394 4,618,151 4,615,484 4,515,650 4,511,400 4,493,160 4,455,137
Wy. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,755,375 1,742,775
Total $ 214,701,300 219,870,000 224,870,000 234,870,000 234,870,000 234,870,000 234,870,000 234,049,999 232,370,000