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Section 402 State and Community Highway
Safety Grant Program

All State Highway Safety Grant Programs

History and Administration

The State and Community Highway Safety Grant Program, commonly referred to as Section 402, was initially authorized by the Highway Safety Act of 1966 and has been reauthorized and amended a number of times since then, most recently under MAP-21, with relatively few changes from SAFETEA-LU.

The program is jointly administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) at the federal level and by the State Highway Safety Offices (SHSO) at the state level.

Purpose

The Section 402 program provides grants to states to improve driver behavior and reduce deaths and injuries from motor vehicle-related crashes.

Requirements

Under MAP-21, states are required to have a highway safety program that is approved by the Secretary. Funds can be spent in accordance with national guidelines for programs to:

In addition, states may (but are not required to) spend 402 funds on teen driver programs. If they do choose to fund these programs, they must fund peer-to-peer and prevention strategies. No 402 funds can be spent on the implementation of automated enforcement programs.

States must agree to three new assurances (that is, certifications) under MAP-21, in addition to the assurances required under SAFETEA-LU. These focus on state participation in national mobilizations, establishment of a data-driven enforcement program and coordination of the plan required under Section 402 with the state’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan (required under a different section of MAP-21).

$2.5 million of Section 402 funds are earmarked for a national cooperative research program.

States must submit an annual Highway Safety Plan (HSP) which must be data-driven and set quantifiable, annual performance targets for 15 performance measures. The plan must include strategies that will allow the state to meet its performance targets and must describe its successes in meeting its performance targets in the previous fiscal year.

States are required to submit their Section 402 and Section 405 consolidated grant application by July 1 of each fiscal year. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) will have 60 days to review and approve or disapprove the consolidated grant application.

Funding

Funds are apportioned to the states under the same formula as SAFETEA-LU: 75% population and 25% road-miles. At least 40% of Section 402 funds must be spent by local governments or be used for the benefit of local governments.

MAP-21 authorizes funding for the 402 program at $235 million each year in FY 2013 and FY 2014. Fiscal Year funding under SAFETEA-LU (FY 2006 - FY 2012) and MAP-21 (FY 2013 - FY 2014) is illustrated in the charts below. Click on a column header to see all federal highway safety funding for that fiscal year.

State MAP-21
Ala. 3,845,784 3,814,087 2,533,606
Alaska 1,755,375 1,742,755 1,160,258
A.S. 585,125 580,925 386,753
Ariz. 4,159,187 4,127,809 2,755,055
Ark. 2,874,430 2,848,431 1,904,509
Calif. 21,364,907 21,246,578 14,130,249
Colo. 3,788,830 3,757,892 2,497,101
Conn. 2,118,076 2,101,410 1,398,176
Del. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
D.C. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Fla. 11,266,225 11,179,101 7,437,854
Ga. 6,649,181 6,621,264 4,429,003
Guam 585,125 580,925 386,753
Hawaii 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Idaho 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Ill. 8,471,426 8,468,758 5,642,236
Indian Ntns. 4,681,000 4,647,400 3,094,022
Ind. 4,649,790 4,613,718 3,068,394
Iowa 3,139,451 3,110,825 2,064,371
Kan. 3,403,679 3,372,309 2,237,687
Ky. 3,309,842 3,282,777 2,183,464
La. 3,164,552 3,133,943 2,083,830
Maine 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Md. 3,389,295 3,363,752 2,238,018
Mass. 3,838,830 3,809,495 2,534,454
Mich. 6,728,737 6,672,725 4,436,465
Minn. 4,626,807 4,587,163 3,045,330
Miss. 2,554,080 2,532,147 1,680,864
Mo. 4,878,029 4,839,494 3,213,606
Mont. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Neb. 2,229,498 2,210,655 1,466,096
Nev. 1,886,842 1,894,828 1,273,537
N.H. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
N.J. 5,022,294 4,984,731 3,316,520
N.M. 1,998,058 1,979,668 1,336,006
N.Y. 11,460,515 11,373,068 7,565,222
N.C. 6,326,297 6,277,277 4,174,270
N.D. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
M.P. 585,125 580,925 386,753
Ohio 7,586,718 7,525,412 5,003,111
Okla. 3,476,593 3,445,134 2,288,198
Ore. 2,772,328 2,750,489 1,936,362
Pa. 8,132,253 8,067,838 5,365,096
P.R. 2,129,387 2,122,626 1,412,105
R.I. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
S.C. 3,271,956 3,247,945 2,158,411
S.D. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Tenn. 4,557,808 4,519,861 3,003,727
Texas 17,150,974 17,013,424 11,308,870
Utah 2,041,186 2,027,352 1,350,372
Vt. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
V.I. 585,125 580,925 386,753
Va. 5,108,782 5,069,487 3,372,149
Wash. 4,587,465 4,551,441 3,012,305
W.Va. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Wis 4,493,160 4,455,137 2,959,845
Wy. 1,755,375 1,742,775 1,160,258
Total $ 234,049,999 232,370,000 154,701,123

1 FY 2015 authorized through May 31, 2015 only.

State SAFETEA-LU
Ala. 3,608,017 3,679,651 3,690,222 3,860,407 3,856,400 3,808,758 3,860,802
Alaska 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
A.S. 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175
Ariz. 3,497,557 3,600,940 3,566,418 3,724,875 3,720,276 4,161,471 4,164,699
Ark. 2,695,382 2,756,423 2,773,530 2,899,449 2,898,965 2,891,000 2,887,159
Calif. 20,358,137 20,841,918 20,451,688 21,364,288 21,376,394 21,447,553 21,443,790
Colo. 3,422,464 3,507,390 3,496,740 3,649,569 3,647,419 3,806,281 3,803,760
Conn. 2,098,888 2,149,098 2,112,181 2,205,640 2,205,755 2,126,507 2,125,354
Del. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
D.C. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Fla. 10,109,434 10,360,803 10,214,350 10,655,459 10,648,624 11,310,058 11,308,359
Ga. 5,889,764 6,035,692 5,986,828 6,254,917 6,293,657 6,654,565 6,667,220
Guam 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175
Hawaii 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Idaho 1,296,592 1,326,009 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Ill. 8,440,229 8,639,780 8,536,132 8,910,629 8,909,651 8,512,149 8,505,377
Indian Ntns. 4,294,026 4,397,400 4,497,400 4,697,400 4,697,400 4,697,400 4,697,400
Ind. 4,478,431 4,589,851 4,571,991 4,759,030 4,756,964 4,665,475 4,662,177
Iowa 3,025,774 3,095,204 3,113,394 3,247,265 3,243,100 3,158,119 3,153,642
Kan. 3,168,620 3,244,480 3,342,165 3,481,778 3,480,910 3,429,058 3,421,564
Ky. 3,158,798 3,239,844 3,225,075 3,369,347 3,368,440 3,323,538 3,323,180
La. 3,178,495 3,252,190 3,219,639 3,360,628 3,359,049 3,175,578 3,173,083
Maine 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Md. 3,237,794 3,316,360 3,258,565 3,404,680 3,404,603 3,391,537 3,390,994
Mass. 3,866,587 3,959,515 3,887,977 4,059,963 4,059,880 3,853,127 3,852,547
Mich. 6,900,407 7,048,850 6,973,065 7,274,870 7,270,998 6,755,003 6,754,159
Minn. 4,327,252 4,426,909 4,428,046 4,699,883 4,695,896 4,644,538 4,639,462
Miss. 2,474,600 2,532,623 2,531,997 2,643,663 2,644,321 2,566,626 2,564,625
Mo. 4,628,513 4,735,122 4,720,485 4,950,969 4,954,105 4,886,305 4,888,140
Mont. 1,371,742 1,400,104 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Neb. 2,110,203 2,157,572 2,181,920 2,274,231 2,273,572 2,244,505 2,240,732
Nev. 1,507,235 1,550,291 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,868,169 1,869,685
N.H. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
N.J. 5,005,514 5,129,873 5,029,867 5,254,171 5,252,614 5,037,446 5,041,398
N.M. 1,794,536 1,831,580 1,838,814 1,981,239 1,979,126 2,009,978 2,006,925
N.Y. 11,638,301 11,915,248 11,704,681 12,220,901 12,226,595 11,508,265 11,503,683
N.C. 5,633,697 5,770,870 5,715,545 5,975,238 5,980,760 6,346,500 6,347,823
N.D. 1,453,552 1,484,719 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
M.P. 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175
Ohio 7,690,358 7,870,904 7,776,723 8,116,639 8,080,782 7,617,572 7,616,115
Okla. 3,292,977 3,369,999 3,380,662 3,522,680 3,523,796 3,501,636 3,492,897
Ore. 2,678,691 2,722,972 2,704,760 2,756,760 2,747,246 2,786,030 2,783,769
Pa. 8,135,906 8,326,807 8,222,136 8,585,361 8,583,135 8,200,445 8,174,544
P.R. 2,248,799 2,302,974 2,260,648 2,362,117 2,363,947 2,137,866 2,137,309
R.I. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
S.C. 3,000,830 3,069,888 3,046,679 3,178,721 3,176,145 3,291,878 3,285,678
S.D. 1,472,738 1,509,078 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Tenn. 4,191,984 4,307,904 4,286,259 4,466,953 4,478,971 4,549,282 4,558,549
Texas 15,070,584 15,432,463 15,306,079 15,978,702 15,974,123 17,204,728 17,224,842
Utah 1,744,772 1,795,754 1,789,109 1,872,995 1,877,938 2,041,021 2,042,506
Vt. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
V.I. 536,753 549,675 562,175 587,175 587,175 587,175 587,175
Va. 4,715,036 4,830,829 4,771,851 4,984,827 4,999,384 5,128,104 5,127,562
Wash. 4,202,727 4,328,363 4,285,410 4,474,030 4,472,000 4,606,229 4,607,041
W.Va. 1,443,924 1,477,195 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Wis 4,332,858 4,473,711 4,424,394 4,618,151 4,615,484 4,515,650 4,511,400
Wy. 1,073,507 1,099,350 1,686,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525 1,761,525
Total $ 214,701,300 219,870,000 224,870,000 234,870,000 234,870,000 234,870,000 234,870,000