Section 406 Safety Belt
History and Administration
The Section 406 Safety Belt Performance Grants program was authorized under SAFETEA-LU. It was administered by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) at the federal level and the State Highway Safety Offices (SHSOs) at the state level. This program was not reauthorized under MAP-21 (Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century).
This grant program was created to encourage states to enact and enforce primary seat belt laws, which allow law enforcement officers to ticket a driver for not wearing a seat belt, without any other traffic offense taking place.
States were eligible for this grant if they had an actively enforced primary seat belt law or achieved 85% or higher seat belt usage rate for two consecutive years beginning in FY 2006.
The first $1 million of a state's apportionment was required to be used for behavioral highway safety purposes. The remainder may have been used for any safety infrastructure purpose or for any project that corrected or improved a hazardous roadway location or proactively addressed a safety problem.
States with primary belt laws enacted after Dec. 31, 2002 received a one-time grant equal to 4.75 times the state's FY 2003 Section 402 apportionment. States with an 85% or higher usage rate for two consecutive years beginning in FY 2006 received a similar one-time apportionment in the last two years of the authorization. States with primary belt laws enacted prior to Dec. 31, 2002 received a one-time grant equal to two times their FY 2003 Section 402 apportionment.
New primary belt law states received their apportionments first, followed by high belt use states, followed by older primary belt law states. Unallocated funding in FY 2009 was able to be reallocated to all eligible primary belt law states. The federal share was 100%.
SAFETEA-LU authorized the Section 406 program at $124.5 million each year.
Total dollar amounts allocated are shown below. Click on a column header to see all federal highway safety funding for that fiscal year.
|Total States||22 + D.C., PR, 4 Terr.||18 + D.C., PR, 4 Terr.||6||29 + D.C., PR, 4 Terr.||1||1||0|