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Best Practices


Case Law

People v. Alexander J. Brown and People v. Eric West
The defendants argued that a seatbelt enforcement zone is analagous to a roadblock, but the 17th Circuit Court in the state of Illinois disagreed in a Memorandum of Decision issued July 1, 2014.
Ruling PDF [161 KB | 3 pgs.]

State of New Hampshire v. Chad Belleville
Distracted Driving appeal case from the Supreme Court of New Hampshire, heard on October 17, 2013.
PDF [54 KB | 7 pgs.]

Missouri v. McNeely
Missouri v. McNeely (2013) was a case decided by United States Supreme Court, on appeal from the Supreme Court of Missouri, regarding exceptions to the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution under "exigent circumstances". The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that police must generally obtain a warrant before subjecting a drunken-driving suspect to a blood test. The United States Supreme Court granted a petition for writ of certiorari on September 25, 2012. A divided Supreme Court affirmed the Missouri Supreme Court, agreeing that an involuntary blood draw is a "search" as that term is used in the Fourth Amendment. As such, a warrant is generally required. However, the Court left open the possibility that the "exigent circumstances" exception to that general requirement might apply in some drunk-driving cases.
Opinion PDF [227 KB | 48 pgs.]

Navarrete v. California
A Supreme Court decision regarding whether an anonymous 911 call is reliable enough to justify a vehicle stop. In a 5–4 decision, the Court affirmed that under the totality of the circumstances, the traffic stop precipitated by an anonymous but reliable tip to 911 complied with the Fourth Amendment because the officer had reasonable suspicion that the truck’s driver was intoxicated.
Opinion PDF [136 KB | 24 pgs.]