Speed and Red Light Cameras

Speed and red light cameras are a type of automated enforcement technology used to detect and deter speeders and red light runners. Some jurisdictions use similar technology for other traffic violations, such as illegal rail crossings or toll violations.

Many states have enacted legislation either permitting, limiting or prohibiting the use of speed or red light cameras at the state or local level. Enforcement can be limited to a particular area or community. Penalties usually are more lenient than those used with traditional enforcement. For example, the fine may be lower, points may not be assessed, or the citation may not go on the driver's record.

Some localities operate speed and/or red light cameras even if the state does not specific permit or prohibit it. The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety maintains a list of all communities operating automated enforcement. This list changes and is updated regularly.

Speed Cameras

  • 13 states have passed laws that prohibit (with very narrow exceptions) the use of speed cameras. 28 states have no law addressing speed cameras. All other states either permit the use of speed cameras (2 + D.C.) or limit their use by location or other criteria (7 + U.S. Virgin Islands).
  • 12 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have speed cameras currently operating in at least one location.

Red Light Cameras

  • 21 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have enacted laws permitting some form of red light camera use, with 9 states and the District of Columbia fully permitting use, and 12 states and the Virgin Islands allowing limited use. 10 states prohibit their use, and 19 states have no state law concerning red light camera enforcement.
  • 24 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have red light cameras currently operating at least one location.

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on speed and red light camera laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.

  • Alabama

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Montgomery

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 images taken; tag is included

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $110; no points ($100; 3 points)

  • Alaska

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Arizona

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide. Cities/towns cannot implement on state highway without DOT permit.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $165; 3 points ($250; 3 points)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide. Cities/towns cannot implement on state highway without DOT permit.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $165; 2 points ($250; 2 points)

  • Arkansas

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Prohibited (with narrow exceptions)

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    School zones or rail crossings when officer is present and citation issued at time of offense. No current programs.


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Prohibited (with narrow exceptions)

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    School zones or rail crossings when officer is present and citation issued at time or offense. No current programs.

  • California

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver if identifiable

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $490; 1 point ($100 fine + $390 in penalties and assessments; 1 point)


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver if identifiable

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $490; 1 point ($100 fine + $390 in penalties and assessments; 1 point)

  • Colorado

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Construction and school zones, residential areas or adjacent to municipal park

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $40 maximum or $80 in school zone; no points or record; warning for 1st offense if going 10 mph or less over speed limit ($151 including surcharge; 4 points)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75; no points or record ($111 including surcharge; 4 points)

  • Connecticut

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Delaware

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of vehicle

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $110 max; no record or conviction offense; not used by insurers ($75-$230)

  • District of Columbia

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Districtwide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $50-$300 based on driver's MPH over posted speed limit; no points ($50-$300; 3, 4 or 5 points based on driver's MPH over posted speed limit)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Districtwide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $150; no points ($150; 2 points)

  • Florida

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Tag and traffic control device

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $158; no points ($125; 3 points)

  • Georgia

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    License tag, intersection and light

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $70 maximum; not a conviction or recorded offense; no points; not a moving violation; not used by insurers ($1,000 maximum; 3 points)

  • Hawaii

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Idaho

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Illinois

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Construction zones or toll roads. Local use prohibited. State use only when officer is present and witnesses the event.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $250 or 25 hours of community service ($250 mandatory; 20 points)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of vehicle and tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $100 and/or traffic education program; not a moving violation or a record offense ($500 maximum; 20 points)


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required; in cooperation with IL DOT and IL Commerce Commission

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver (owner if driver is not identified by owner)

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, driver and tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $250 or 25 hours of community service ($250 maximum for 1st offense; $500 for subsequent offenses with discretionary 6 month suspension)

  • Indiana

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Iowa

    Speed Cameras

    No state law, but programs operating under local ordinance


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law, but programs operating under local ordinance

  • Kansas

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Kentucky

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Louisiana

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Per state law, convictions are not reported on driving record


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Per state law, convictions are not reported on driving record

  • Maine

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Maryland

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Montgomery County school zones and residential areas; Prince George's County school zones; statewide school zones (by local ordinance) and work zones on expressways or controlled access highways

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $40 maximum; no points ($500 maximum in residential areas; $1,000 maximum in work and school zones; points vary)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum civil penalty; no points or record; not a moving violation; not used by insurers ($500 maximum; 2 points)


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Montgomery County and Prince George's County

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, driver and tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $100 maximum; no points ($500 maximum; 1 point)

  • Massachusetts

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Michigan

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Minnesota

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Mississippi

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Missouri

    Speed Cameras

    No state law, but programs operating under Missouri DOT policy.


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law, but programs operating under Missouri DOT policy on state maintained roadways. Local municipalities may be operating under their own policies.

  • Montana

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Permitted

  • Nebraska

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Nevada

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Prohibited (with narrow exceptions)

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    If hand held by officer, installed in vehicle or facility of law enforcement agency. No current programs.

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $1,000 maximum; 4 points (same)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Prohibited (with narrow exceptions)

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    If hand held by officer, installed in vehicle or facility of law enforcement agency. No current programs.

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $1,000 maximum; 4 points (same)

  • New Hampshire

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited


    Toll Cameras

    Permitted

  • New Jersey

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited (5-year pilot program ended 12/16/14)

  • New Mexico

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    DOT has banned cameras on state and federal roads; localities must post warning sign and beacon

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum civil penalty; no points or criminal sanctions; municipality retains operating costs; balance goes to court construction, drug courts and DWI prevention


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    DOT has banned cameras on state and federal roads; localities must post warning sign and beacon

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum civil penalty; no points or criminal sanctions; municipality retains operating costs; balance goes to court construction, drug courts and DWI prevention

  • New York

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    School zones

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Images do not identify driver, passengers, or vehicle contents

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $50; no points ($90-$1,200; points; possible jail time based on number of MPH over the posted limit)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Cities of 1,000,000 or fewer (maximum 150 sites), or by local ordinance

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $50; not a record or conviction offense; not used by insurers ($100 maximum; 3 points)

  • North Carolina

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Specified in law

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Photo, video and electronic image

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $100 maximum civil penalty; no points ($100 maximum; 3 points)

  • North Dakota

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Ohio

    Speed Cameras

    Officer must be present


    Red Light Cameras

    Officer must be present

  • Oklahoma

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Oregon

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Specified in law (limited to 4 hours/day for each location)

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner, or driver if identifiable/Registered owner

    Image Taken

    Photos; digital images

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    • 1-10 MPH over posted limit: $110; $220 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $250 maximum
    • 11-20 MPH over posted limit: $160; $320 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $500 maximum
    • 21-30 MPH over posted limit: $260; $520 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $1,000 maximum
    • 30+ MPH over posted limit: $435 + 30 day license suspension; $870 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $2,000 maximum
    • Speed of 100 MPH or more: $1,150 fine + 30- to 90-day license suspension

    (Same for traditional enforcement)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Any city within city limits, no other locations are authorized, run by city jurisdiction

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner, or driver if identifiable/Registered owner

    Image Taken

    Photos; digital images

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $260; $520 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $1,000 maximum (same)

  • Pennsylvania

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and municipalities with a population greater than 20,000 and a police department accredited by the Pennsylvania Chiefs of Police Association in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery Counties; requires local ordinance

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Photos

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $100 maximum; not on operating record ($25 maximum; 3 points)

  • Rhode Island

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Registered owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of vehicle nad tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum; not a criminal or record offense; not a moving violation; not used by insurers until final adjudication ($75)


    School Bus Safety Violation Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of vehicle and tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $500; not a criminal or record offense; not a moving violation; not used by insurers ($500)

  • South Carolina

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • South Dakota

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Tennessee

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide except non-work zone interstates

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Registered owner

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Not reportable; no points ($50; points)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide except non-work zone interstates

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Registered owner

    Image Taken

    Not addressed

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Not reportable; no points ($50; points)

  • Texas

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more photos or digital images of tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum; not a criminal or record offense ($200 maximum)

  • Utah

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Prohibited (with narrow exceptions. No current programs.

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    School zones with speed limit of 30 MPH or lower; officer must be present; local ordinance required

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Not addressed

    Image Taken

    Photo

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Not reportable; no points ($1,000 maximum; 50 points)


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Vermont

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Virgin Islands

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Beginning or end or highway

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Driver or registered owner

    Image Taken

    Photo; electronic image

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $25 or 2 to 12 points


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Beginning or end of highway

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Driver or registered owner

    Image Taken

    Photo; electronic image

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $25 or 2 to 12 points

  • Virginia

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required; one site per 10,000 residents (up to 10 sites in D.C. area)

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    2 photos or other recorded images

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $50 maximum; no court costs; not a criminal offense; no points; not used by insurers ($200 maximum; 4 points)

  • Washington

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    School zones

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, license tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Maximum parking violation fine; no record; no points ($250 maximum)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Where two arterial roads intersect

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, license tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Maximum parking violation fine; no record; no points ($250 maximum)


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, license tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    Maximum parking violation fine; no record; no points ($250 maximum)

  • West Virginia

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Wisconsin

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Wyoming

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs