Mature Drivers

More and more Americans are outliving their ability to drive safely. As a result of impairments in three functions that are important for driving – vision, cognition and motor function – older drivers have a higher crash risk than middle aged adults.

To address this issue, many state driver licensing laws have specific provisions for older drivers.

  • 33 States and the District of Columbia have special provisions for mature drivers. These include: accelerated renewal frequency; restriction of online or mailed renewals; vision test; road test; or reduced or waived renewal fees.

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on mature driver laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.

  • Alabama

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years (8 years eff. 11/13/2017)

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • Alaska

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    69 and over: no mail renewal

     

  • Arizona

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    Until age 65

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    65 and over: renewal every 5 years, mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 3 months

    70 and over: no mail renewal

     

  • Arkansas

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years. Effective 11/13/2017: 8 years.

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • California

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    70 and over: no mail renewal

     

  • Colorado

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    10 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    61 and over: renewal every 5 years

    66 and over: no electronic renewal, mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 6 months

     

  • Connecticut

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    Choice of 4 or 6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    65 and over: choice of 2- or 6-year renewal, mail renewal requires demonstration of hardship

     

  • Delaware

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • District of Columbia

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    70 and over: vision test, possible reaction test, and physician's letter required

     

  • Florida

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    80 and over: renewal every 6 years with vision test (in person or physician's letter if renewing by mail or electronically)

  • Georgia

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    Choice of 5 or 10 years; veterans valid until 65 years old

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    60 and over: renewal every 5 years

    64 and over: vision test required

     

  • Hawaii

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    72 and over: renewal every 2 years

  • Idaho

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    Choice of 4 or 8 years for drivers ages 21-62

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    63 and over: renewal every 4 years

  • Illinois

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    81-86: renewal every 2 years

    87 and over: renewal every year

    75 and over: road test required

     

  • Indiana

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75-84: renewal every 3 years

    85 and over: renewal every 2 years

    70 and over: no electronic or mail renewal

     

  • Iowa

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    70 and over: renewal every 2 years

     

  • Kansas

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    65 and over: renewal every 4 years

  • Kentucky

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Louisiana

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    70 and over: no mail renewal

     

  • Maine

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    65 and over: renewal every 4 years

    40-61: vision test at every other renewal

    62 and over: vision test at every renewal

     

  • Maryland

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    40 and over: vision test required

  • Massachusetts

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: renewal in person only

  • Michigan

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • Minnesota

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Mississippi

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    Choice of 4 or 8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Missouri

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    70 and over: renewal every 3 years

  • Montana

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years (or 4 years by mail)

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: renewal every 4 years

     

  • Nebraska

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    72 and over: no electronic renewal

  • Nevada

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    70 and over: mail renewal must include medical report

  • New Hampshire

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: road test required

  • New Jersey

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • New Mexico

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    Choice of 4 or 8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: renewal every year

  • New York

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • North Carolina

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    66 and over: renewal every 5 years

    60 and over: parallel parking not required on road test

     

  • North Dakota

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    78 and over: renewal every 4 years

     

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    3 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Ohio

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Oklahoma

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    62-64: renewal fee reduced

    65 and over: renewal fee waived

     

  • Oregon

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    50 and over: vision test required

  • Pennsylvania

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Rhode Island

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: renewal every 2 years

  • South Carolina

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    10 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    65 and over: renewal and vision test every 5 years

     

  • South Dakota

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Tennessee

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    60 and over: fee reduced

    65 and over: no expiration

     

  • Texas

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    85 and over: renewal every 2 years

    79 and over: no electronic or mail renewal

     

  • Utah

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    65 and over: vision test required

     

  • Vermont

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • Virginia

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: renewal every 5 years in person with vision test (in person or physician report)

     

  • Washington

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • West Virginia

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Wisconsin

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

  • Wyoming

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None