Alabama

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Alabama. Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    .15 90 days    

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for repeat convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes Yes

     

  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    Bicycle helmets required for all riders under 16.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 1 yrs or under 20 lbs in rear-facing infant seat

    1-4 yrs or 20-40 lbs in forward-facing child safety seat

    5 yrs (but not yet 6) in booster seat

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    6-14 years

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $25 + points

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    No

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    No

    Novice Drivers

    16, or 17 with Intermediate License for less than 6 months. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • None

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Illegal
    • Impaired Driving: None
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years (8 years eff. 11/13/2017)

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • Motorcyclists

    Universal helmet law enacted 1967

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Primary

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 15 and over

    In What Seat?

    Front

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $25

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are conducted throughout the year. Their legality is upheld under federal Constitution.

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Montgomery

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 images taken; tag is included

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $110; no points ($100; 3 points)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

     

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50; 0 with driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 6 a.m. No more than 1

     

  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    Speeding

    Enhanced Penalties

    Double original fine

    Workers Must Be Present?

    Yes

    Signs Must Be Present?

    Yes