Maryland

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Maryland. Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    . 90 days Yes, with interlock  

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for all convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes No

     

  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    Bicycle helmets required for all riders under 16.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 8 yrs and under 57" tall

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    8-15 yrs or 57" or taller

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $50

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    Yes. Primary law.

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    No

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers under 18. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • None

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Decriminalized and legal for medical use
    • Impaired Driving: None
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    5 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    40 and over: vision test required

  • Motorcyclists

    Universal helmet law enacted 1992.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Primary

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 16 and over

    In What Seat?

    All (secondary law for rear seats)

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $83 (fine plus court costs)

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are conducted weekly. Their legality is upheld under state and federal Constitution.

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Montgomery County school zones and residential areas; Prince George's County school zones; statewide school zones (by local ordinance) and work zones on expressways or controlled access highways

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $40 maximum; no points ($500 maximum in residential areas; $1,000 maximum in work and school zones; points vary)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum civil penalty; no points or record; not a moving violation; not used by insurers ($500 maximum; 2 points)


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Montgomery County and Prince George's County

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, driver and tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $100 maximum; no points ($500 maximum; 1 point)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Aggressive Driver Actions Defined by Statute

    At least three of the following: failure to obey traffic control device, overtaking and passing, passing on right, driving on laned roadways, following too closely, failure to yield right of way or speeding.

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 16 years, 11 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 9 9 60 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 Midnight - 5 a.m. First 5 months: no passengers under 18 (secondary enforcement)
  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    Speeding

    Enhanced Penalties

    Up to $1,000

    Workers Must Be Present?

    No

    Signs Must Be Present?

    Yes