Texas

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Texas. Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    .15 90 days if .08 or greater; 180 days for refusal Yes Vehicle confiscation

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for repeat convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes Yes
  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    No bicycle helmet laws.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    7 yrs or under and under 57" tall

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    Not permissible

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $25 minimum; maximum unlisted

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    No

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    Yes, when passengers are 17 and under. Primary law.

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers under 18. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    School bus drivers with passengers 17 and under. Drivers under 18. Primary laws.

    *Note: Texas has banned the use of hand-held phones and texting in school zones.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • None

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Illegal
    • Impaired Driving: None
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    6 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    85 and over: renewal every 2 years

    79 and over: no electronic or mail renewal

     

  • Motorcyclists

    Helmets required for all riders under 21 as well as those who have not completed a safety course or have no medical insurance (secondarily enforced). Universal helmet law repealed 1997.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Primary

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 7 and under who are over 57"

    Riders 8 and over

    In What Seat?

    All

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    Riders under 17: $200 (driver)

    Riders 15 and over: $50 (driver or passenger)

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are not conducted. They are illegal under Texas' interpretation of federal Constitution.

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more photos or digital images of tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75 maximum; not a criminal or record offense ($200 maximum)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    75; 80 or 85 on specified segments 75; 80 or 85 on specified segments

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    75 75

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    75 75
  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 30 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement) No more than 1 under 21 (secondary enforcement)
  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    All moving vehicle violations

    Enhanced Penalties

    Double original fine

    Workers Must Be Present?

    Yes

    Signs Must Be Present?

    Yes