Excerpted from GHSA's Highway Safety Policies & Priorities.
N. Driver Licensing and Education
N.3 Graduated Driver Licensing for Novice Drivers
GHSA supports graduated driver licensing for novice drivers, particularly teenaged drivers. Recognizing that driving is a complex task and that skills increase with experience, GHSA encourages all states and jurisdictions to enact a 3-staged graduated driver’s license legislation and implement a graduated driver’s license program that includes such components as: a specific minimum age for a learner’s permit, a provisional permit that is granted several months after the learner’s permit and before a full license; mandatory on-the-road driving that supplements driver education/training during the learner phase; adult supervision of learners; nighttime driving restrictions; mandatory safety belt use; restricted number of passengers; distinctive provisional driver’s license; zero tolerance for alcohol; and license suspension for any impaired driving conviction or implied consent refusal. GHSA encourages the federal government to conduct research on the appropriate age for a learner’s permit, an intermediate license and full licensure so that there is better evidence for basing driver age decisions at the state level than currently available.
O. Driver Safety Issues
O.3 Young Adult Drivers
GHSA recognizes that the 21-34 year old age group is over-represented in traffic crashes and is one of the highest risk-taking group of drivers. GHSA supports all efforts to identify causes and implement appropriate countermeasures, including enforcement and education, to reach this special target population and to reduce its involvement in traffic crashes.