Alabama

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Alabama. For more information, consult the State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension
    .15 90 days  

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for high BAC (0.15 and above) and repeat convictions; highly incentivized for first convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws
    Yes Yes

     

  • Autonomous Vehicles

    Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator.

  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    Bicycle helmets required for all riders under 16.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 1 yrs or under 20 lbs in rear-facing seat

    1-4 yrs or 20-40 lbs in forward-facing child safety seat

    5 yrs (but not yet 6) in booster seat

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    6-14 years

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    No

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    No

    Novice Drivers

    16, or 17 with Intermediate License for less than 6 months. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • None

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Illegal
    • Impaired Driving: None
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    None

     

  • Motorcyclists

    Universal helmet law enacted 1967

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Primary

    Who Is Covered?

    15 and over

    In What Seat?

    Front (secondary enforcement in rear seat)

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified Jurisdictions


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

     

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50; 0 with driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 6 a.m. No more than 1