Speed and Red Light Cameras

Speed and red light cameras are a type of automated enforcement technology used to detect and deter speeders and red light runners. Some jurisdictions use similar technology for other traffic violations, such as illegal rail crossings or toll violations.

Many states have enacted legislation either permitting, limiting or prohibiting the use of speed or red light cameras at the state or local level. Enforcement can be limited to a particular area or community. Penalties usually are more lenient than those used with traditional enforcement. For example, the fine may be lower, points may not be assessed, or the citation may not go on the driver's record.

Some localities operate speed and/or red light cameras even if the state does not specific permit or prohibit it. The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety maintains a list of all communities operating automated enforcement. This list changes and is updated regularly.

Speed Cameras

  • 13 states have passed laws that prohibit (with very narrow exceptions) the use of speed cameras. 28 states have no law addressing speed cameras. All other states either permit the use of speed cameras (2 + D.C.) or limit their use by location or other criteria (7 + U.S. Virgin Islands).
  • 12 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have speed cameras currently operating in at least one location.

Red Light Cameras

  • 21 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have enacted laws permitting some form of red light camera use, with 9 states and the District of Columbia fully permitting use, and 12 states and the Virgin Islands allowing limited use. 10 states prohibit their use, and 19 states have no state law concerning red light camera enforcement.
  • 24 states, the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands have red light cameras currently operating at least one location.

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on speed and red light camera laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.

Short Term Description
Speed and red light cameras are a type of automated enforcement technology used to detect and deter speeders and red light runners. Some jurisdictions use similar technology for other traffic violations, such as illegal rail crossings or toll violations.

Speed and Red Light Cameras: Illinois

Speed Cameras

Violation/State Law

Limited

Permitted Locations/Criteria

Construction zones or toll roads. Local use prohibited. State use only when officer is present and witnesses the event.

Citation Issued To/Liability

Registered owner/Driver

Image Taken

Tag and driver

Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

$250 or 25 hours of community service ($250 mandatory; 20 points)


Red Light Cameras

Violation/State Law

Limited

Speed and Red Light Cameras: Georgia

Speed Cameras

No state law or programs


Red Light Cameras

Violation/State Law

Permitted

Permitted Locations/Criteria

Statewide.

Citation Issued To/Liability

Registered owner/Owner

Image Taken

License tag, intersection and light

Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

$70 maximum; not a conviction or recorded offense; no points; not a moving violation; not used by insurers ($1,000 maximum; 3 points)

Speed and Red Light Cameras: District of Columbia

Speed Cameras

Violation/State Law

Permitted

Permitted Locations/Criteria

Districtwide

Citation Issued To/Liability

Registered owner/Owner

Image Taken

Not addressed

Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

$50-$300 based on driver's MPH over posted speed limit; no points ($50-$300; 3, 4 or 5 points based on driver's MPH over posted speed limit)


Red Light Cameras

Violation/State Law

Permitted

Permitted Locations/Criteria

Districtwide

Speed and Red Light Cameras: Colorado

Speed Cameras

Violation/State Law

Limited

Permitted Locations/Criteria

Construction and school zones, residential areas or adjacent to municipal park

Citation Issued To/Liability

Registered owner/Driver

Image Taken

Tag and driver

Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

$40 maximum or $80 in school zone; no points or record; warning for 1st offense if going 10 mph or less over speed limit ($151 including surcharge)


Red Light Cameras

Violation/State Law

Permitted

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