Wake Up Call! Understanding Drowsy Driving and What States Can Do

This comprehensive, first-of-its-kind report, made possible through funding from State Farm®, examines the cause and effect of drowsy driving as well as how states and others can best address it.

Wake Up Call! discusses legislative, enforcement, education, and engineering countermeasures being employed as well as in-vehicle technologies that are available today or on the horizon. Also provided are examples of some state best practices to address the issue, including efforts in Iowa, New York, Texas and Utah.

Motorcyclist Traffic Fatalities by State: 2015 Preliminary Data

This report provides a first look at 2015 motorcyclist fatalities nationally and by state. Motorcyclist fatalities in the United States are expected to have increased by 10 percent, compared with 2014. The report is based on preliminary data supplied by all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

The report also examines recent trends in motorcyclist crash patterns and fatalities. In addition, it outlines efforts to further reduce motorcyclist crashes and fatalities.

Pedestrian Traffic Fatalities by State: 2015 Preliminary Data

GHSA estimates a 10% in the number of pedestrians killed in motor vehicle crashes in 2015 compared to 2014. The preliminary 2015 data were provided by GHSA's member State Highway Safety Office members. All 50 states and the District of Columbia provided data.

In addition to the state-by-state data, this report also analyzes recent trends in pedestrian fatality data and discusses state and federal efforts to reduce pedestrian fatalities and injuries.

Unbuckled in Back: An Overlooked Issue in Highway Safety

Most strategies for encouraging seat belt use by adults focus on drivers and front seat passengers, but rear seat belt use by adults is lower than front seat belt use and warrants attention. In 2013, 883 unbelted rear seat passenger vehicle occupants age 8 and older died in traffic crashes in the United States.

This report takes a close look at the issue by examining rear seat belt use rates, state laws and enforcement, and public education efforts. It makes recommendations for states to help boost rear seat belt use through programs and policies.

Under Their Influence: The New Teen Safe Driving Champions

This publication examines adults—other than parents—who have the opportunity to influence teen decision-making about driving and showcases several safe driving initiatives.

It opens with a primer to help states and practitioners understand why and how to successfully partner with these other adult influencers. It also discusses what potential adult influencers need to know about teen safe driving to ensure they understand the extent and nature of the problem and become champions.

Drug-Impaired Driving: A Guide for What States Can Do

This report summarizes the current state of knowledge of drug use by drivers on America's roadway and identifies actions that states and other stakeholders can take to detect and prevent drug-impaired driving.

Dr. Jim Hedlund, formerly a senior official with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), authored the report. An advisory panel of experts guided the report, and funding was provided by the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility (

Distracted & Dangerous: Helping States Keep Teens Focused on the Road

This report, made possible with funding from State Farm®, looks at nearly two dozen state policy, enforcement and education initiatives to help keep teen drivers' focus off their smartphones and on the road.

The report was researched and written by nationally recognized teen safe driving expert, Pam Fischer, Principal of Pam Fischer Consulting. GHSA worked with a panel of teen driver experts to identify the featured programs, which were submitted through a survey of State Highway Safety Offices.

Everyone Walks. Understanding and Addressing Pedestrian Safety

This report, made possible through funding from State Farm®, provides an overview of current pedestrian safety data and research and how states are using this and other information to address pedestrian safety through education, enforcement and legislative initiatives.

The report was researched and written by noted traffic safety expert, Pam Fischer, Principal of Pam Fischer Consulting. GHSA worked with a panel of experts to develop the report and identify the key takeaways and featured programs.

Mapping to MMUCC

GHSA worked with NHTSA to help states determine how well each state's Police Accident Report (PAR) and crash database aligns with the Model Minimum Uniform Crash Criteria (MMUCC) 4th edition and to develop a new tool to help states map their state PARs and crash databases to the 77 MMUCC data elements and attributes collected at the scene of a crash and the 33 data elements and attributes that are linked with other databases or derived from MMUCC data elements.

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