New York

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of New York. Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Child Passenger Safety Laws: New York

Child Restraint Required

Under 2 yrs (or until outgrows the top height or weight recommendations) in rear-facing child restraint (eff. 11/01/2019)

3 yrs or under unless over 40 lbs and no lap/shoulder belt available

4-7 yrs unless no lap/shoulder belt available

Adult Safety Belt Permissible

8-15 yrs or over 40 lbs

4-7 yrs if no lap/shoulder belt available

Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

$100 + points

Teen and Novice Drivers: New York

Full Privilege Minimum Age

17 years with driver's ed.

18 years without driver's ed.

Learner Stage

Minimum Age (Years/Months)

Minimum Duration (Months)

Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

16 6 50 (15)

Intermediate Stage

Minimum Age (Years/Months)

Nighttime Driving Restriction

Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

Speed and Red Light Cameras: New York

Speed Cameras

Violation/State Law


Permitted Locations/Criteria

School zones

Citation Issued To/Liability


Image Taken

Images do not identify driver, passengers, or vehicle contents

Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

$50; no points ($90-$1,200; points; possible jail time based on number of MPH over the posted limit)

Red Light Cameras

Violation/State Law


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