Autonomous Vehicles

There are currently 38 states along with the District of Columbia that have enacted legislation or issues executive orders regarding Autonomous Vehicles (AVs).

  • 5 states simply authorize a study, define key terms or state contacts, or authorize funding
  • 12 states authorize testing, while 16 states and the District of Columbia authorize full deployment. Of these, 18 states now allow testing or deployment without a human operator in the vehicle.
  • 4 states regulate truck platooning.

More information on state AV laws as well as recommendations for states considering AV legislation can be found in GHSA's report Preparing for Automated Vehicles: Traffic Safety Issues for States.

Source: NCSL, IIHS

Short Term Description
There are currently 37 states along with the District of Columbia that have enacted legislation or issues executive orders regarding Autonomous Vehicles (AVs).
Maryland
AV legislation

Authorizes the testing on public roadways of highly automated vehicles by the manufacturer or developer. Numerous public and private pilot programs are underway or planned across the State.

South Carolina
AV legislation

Regulates truck platooning.

Oregon
AV legislation

Authorized a study on AVs.

Ohio
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing without a human operator.

Nebraska
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs with or without a human operator.

Mississippi
AV legislation

Regulates truck platooning.

Minnesota
AV legislation

Authorized a study on AVs.

Maine
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing.

Kentucky
AV legislation

Regulates truck platooning.

Indiana
AV legislation

Regulates truck platooning.

Illinois
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator

Idaho
AV legislation

Authorized a study on AVs.

Hawaii
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing.

Alabama
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator.

Delaware
AV legislation

Study on AVs authorized.

Wisconsin
AV legislation

Authorized a study on AVs.

Pennsylvania
AV legislation

Requires a human operator in the driver’s position for every vehicle, including AV testing.

North Carolina
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

Arkansas
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

Connecticut
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

Texas
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

Washington
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing without a human operator.

Vermont
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

New York
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

Georgia
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

Colorado
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with a human operator.

Massachusetts
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

Arizona
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

Virginia
AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing.

Tennessee
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

North Dakota
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator.

Louisiana
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator

Utah
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment without a human operator.

Michigan
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

Nevada
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

Florida
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

District of Columbia
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs with a human operator.

California
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment without a human operator.

Waymo

Building on the shared belief that autonomous vehicles (AV) have the potential to make our roads safer, GHSA is partnering with Waymo to educate key stakeholders and the public through their Let’s Talk Autonomous Driving campaign.
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