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Colorado State ShapeColorado

Below is a list of the key highway safety laws in Colorado. For more information, contact the Colorado Office of Transportation Safety.

No state law

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and State Highway Safety Office.

Hand-held Ban All Cell Phone Ban Text Messaging Ban Crash
Data
School Bus Drivers Novice Drivers All Drivers School Bus Drivers Novice Drivers
    <18
(Primary)
Yes
(Primary)
Covered under all driver ban Yes

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Child Restraint Required
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)
Adult Safety Belt Permissible
unless indicated, # refers to Yrs.(Lbs.)
Maximum Fine
1st Offense
<1 (and <20) in rear-facing infant seat in rear seat if available; 1 - 3 (and 20 - 40) in child safety seat; 4 - 7 in booster seat 8 - 15 $82

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Per Se Laws for Drugs (Forbidding Prohibited Substances in Driver's Body) DEC/DRE Programs
(Providing Law Enforcement Training)
  Yes

Source: State Highway Safety Office.

Inc. Penalty for High BAC Admin. License Susp. on 1st Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Susp. Ignition Interlocks Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
*Meeting Federal Requirements
.17 3 months Yes Highly incentivized for all convictions   Yes Yes  

Sources: Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) and State Highway Safety Office.

Learner Stage Intermediate Stage Full Privilege
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Min.
Duration
(Months)
Required
Supervised
Driving Hours
(Night Hours)
Min. Age
(Years/ Months)
Nighttime Driving Restriction Passenger
Restriction
(except family, unless noted)
15 (w/ driver's ed.)

15 / 6 (w/ driver awareness program)

16 (w/out driver's ed. or program)
12 50 (10) 16 Midnight - 5 a.m.
(secondary enforcement)
First 6 mos.–no pass. <21; second 6 mos.–no more than 1 <21
(secondary enforcement)
17

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Motorcyclists Bicyclists
Universal Helmet Law
(Year Enacted)
Partial Law Universal Helmet Law Repealed
  <18; all passengers <18 1977  

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Length of Regular Renewal Cycle (Yrs.) Provisions for Mature Drivers
10 >61: renewal every 5 yrs.
>66: no electronic renewal, mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 6 months

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Type of Law Who is Covered (Yrs.) In What Seat Maximum Fine 1st Offense
Secondary >18 (primary for <18) Front $71

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway and State Highway Safety Office.

State Law
Permitted

Sources: Segway LLC and State Highway Safety Office.

Checkpoints Conducted? Frequency Legality
Yes Once or twice a month Upheld under state and federal Constitution

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Rural Interstates Urban Interstates Other Limited Access Roads
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
Cars
(mph)
Trucks
(mph)
75 75 65 65 65 65

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Violation / State Law Permitted Locations/Criteria Citation Issued To / Liability Image Taken Penalties (Traditional Penalties)
Speed: Limited Construction and school zones, residential areas or adjacent to municipal park Registered owner/
Driver
Tag and driver $40 max. ($80 school zone); no points or record; warning for 1st offense if <10 mph over ($151 incl. surcharge; 4 points)
Red light: Permitted Statewide $75; no points or record ($111 incl. surcharge; 4 points)

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Office.

Violations Affected Enhanced Penalties Workers Must Be Present Signs Must Be Present
All Double original fine No No

Sources: National Work Zone Safety Information Clearinghouse and State Highway Safety Office.