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Speed camera

Speed and Red Light Camera Laws

Speed and red light cameras are a type of automated enforcement technology used to detect and deter speeders and red light runners. Some jurisdictions use similar technology for other traffic violations, such as illegal rail crossings or toll violations.

Many states have enacted legislation either permitting, limiting or prohibiting the use of speed or red light cameras at the state or local level. Enforcement can be limited to a particular area or community. Penalties usually are more lenient than those used with traditional enforcement. For example, the fine may be lower, points may not be assessed, or the citation may not go on the driver's record.

Learn More About Speed and Red Light Cameras

Issue Brief

Related Links

Some localities operate speed and/or red light cameras even if the state does not specific permit or prohibit it. The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety maintains a list of all communities operating automated enforcement. This list changes and is updated regularly.

Speed Cameras

Red Light Cameras

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on speed and red light camera laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

State Violation / State Law Permitted Locations/Criteria Citation Issued To / Liability Image Taken Penalties (Traditional Penalties)
Ala. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Limited Montgomery Owner/
Owner
2 images; tag included $110; no points
($100; 3 points)
Alaska Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Ariz. Speed: Permitted Statewide. Cities/towns cannot implement on state highway without DOT permit. Not addressed Not addressed $165; 3 points
($250; 3 points)
Red light: Permitted $165; 2 points
($250; 2 points)
Ark. Speed: Prohibited (with narrow exceptions) School zones or rail crossings when officer is present and citation issued at time of offense. No current programs.
Red light: Prohibited (with narrow exceptions)
Calif. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Permitted Statewide Registered owner/
Driver
Tag and driver $490 ($100 fine + $390 in penalties and assessments); 1 point
(same)
Rail crossing: Permitted Statewide
Colo. Speed: Limited Construction and school zones, residential areas or adjacent to municipal park Registered owner/
Driver
Tag and driver $40 max. ($80 school zone); no points or record; warning for 1st offense if <10 mph over ($151 incl. surcharge; 4 points)
Red light: Permitted Statewide $75; no points or record ($111 incl. surcharge; 4 points)
Conn. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Del. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Permitted Statewide Registered owner/
Owner
2 or more images of vehicle $110 max.; not record or conviction offense; not used by insurers
($75-$230)
D.C. Speed: Permitted Districtwide Registered owner/
Owner
Not addressed $50-$300 based on the MPH over posted limit; no points
($50-$300; 3, 4 or 5 points based on the MPH over posted limit)
Red light: Permitted Districtwide $150; no points
($150; 2 points)
Fla. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Permitted Statewide Registered owner/
Owner
Tag and traffic control device $158; no points
($125; 3 points)
Ga. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Permitted Statewide Registered owner/
Owner
License tag, intersection and light $70 max.; not conviction or record offense; no points; not moving violation; not used by insurers
($1,000 max.; 3 points)
Hawaii Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Idaho Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Ill. Speed: Limited Construction zones or toll roads. Local use prohibited. State use only when officer is present and witnesses the event. Registered owner/
Driver
Tag and driver $250 or 25 hrs. community service
($250 mandatory; 20 points)
Red light: Limited Local ordinance required Registered owner/
Owner
2 or more images of vehicle and tag $100 and/or traffic education program; not moving violation or record offense
($500 max.; 20 points)
Rail crossing: Limited Local ordinance required; in cooperation w/ IL DOT and IL Commerce Commission Registered owner/
Driver (owner if driver not identified by owner)
Vehicle, driver and tag $250 or 25 hrs. community service
($250 max. 1st offense; $500 subsequent, w/ discretionary 6 month suspension
Ind. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Iowa Speed: No state law, but programs operating under local ordinance.
Red light: No state law, but programs operating under local ordinance.
Kan. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Ky. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
La. Speed: Limited Statewide Not addressed Not addressed Per state law, convictions not reported on driving record
Red light: Limited
Maine Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
Md. Speed: Limited Montgomery Co. school zones & residential; Prince George's Co. school zones; statewide school zones (by local ordinance) and work zones on expressways or controlled access highways Registered owner/
Owner
2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium $40 max.: no points ($500 max. in residential; $1,000 max. in work & school zones; points vary)
Red light: Permitted Statewide $75 max. civil penalty; no points or record; not moving violation; not used by insurers ($500 max.; 2 points)
Rail: Limited Montgomery Co. and Prince George's Co. Vehicle, driver and tag $100 max.; no points ($500 max.; 1 point)
Mass. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Mich. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Minn. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Miss. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
Mo. Speed: No state law, but programs operating under Missouri DOT policy.
Red light: No state law, but programs operating under Missouri DOT policy on state maintained roadways. Local municipalities may be operating under their own policies.
Mont. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
Rail: Permitted
Neb. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Nev. Speed: Prohibited (with narrow exceptions) If hand held by officer, installed in vehicle or facility of law enforcement agency. No current programs. $1,000 max.; 4 points. (same)
Red light: Prohibited (with narrow exceptions)
N.H. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
Toll: Permitted
N.J. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Limited Local ordinance required; must apply apply to Transportation Commissioner for pilot program Registered owner/
Registered owner and driver jointly liable
2 or more images of vehicle and tag >$85 plus court costs; no points (same fine; points)
N.M. Speed: Limited DOT has banned on state and federal roads; localities must post warning sign and beacon Not addressed Not addressed $75 max. civil penalty; no points or criminal sanctions; municipality retains operating costs; balance to court construction, drug courts and DWI prevention
Red light: Limited
N.Y. Speed: Limited School zones Owner/
Owner
Images do not identify driver, passengers or vehicle contents $50; no points ($90-$1,200; points; possible jail time, based on the MPH over posted limit)
Red light: Limited Cities of >1,000,000 (max. 150 sites); or by local ordinance Owner/
Owner
2 or more images of rear of vehicle and tag in any medium $50; not record or conviction offense; not used by insurers
($100 max.; 3 points)
N.C. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Limited Specified in law Owner/
Owner
Photo, video, electronic image $50 max. civil penalty; no points; $100 if late
($100 max.; 3 points)
N.D. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Ohio Speed: No state law, but programs operating under local ordinance.
Red light: No state law, but programs operating under local ordinance.
Okla. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Ore. Speed: Limited Specified in law (limited to 4 hrs/day for each location) Registered owner or driver, if identifiable/
Registered owner
Photos; digital images 1-10 mph over = $110; $220 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $250 max.
11-20 mph over = $160; $320 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $500 max.
21-30 mph over = $260; $520 in work/school zone or safety corridor; max. $1,000
30+ mph over = $435 + 30 day license suspension; $870 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $2,000 max.
100 mph or more = $1,150 fine + 30- to 90-day license suspension
(same for traditional enforcement)
Red light: Permitted Any city within city limits, no other locations are authorized, run by city jurisdiction $260; $520 in work/school zone or safety corridor; $1,000 max. (same for traditional enforcement)
Pa. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Limited Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and municipalities w/ a population >20,000 and police depat. accredited by the Penn. Chiefs of Police Assoc. in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery Counties; requires local ordinance Registered owner/
Owner
Photos $100 max.; not on operating record
($25 max.; 3 points)
R.I. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Permitted Statewide Registered owner/
Registered owner
2 or more images of vehicle and tag in any medium $75 max.; not criminal or record offense; not moving violation; not used by insurers until final adjudication ($75)
School bus safety violations: Permitted Registered owner/
Owner
$500; not criminal or record offense; not moving violation; not used by insurers ($500)
S.C. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
S.D. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Tenn. Speed: Permitted Statewide except non-work zone interstates Registered owner/
Registered owner
Not addressed Not reportable; no points ($50; points)
Red light: Permitted
Texas Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Limited Local ordinance required Registered owner/
Owner
2 or more photos or digital images of tag $75 max.; not criminal or record offense
($200 max.)
Utah Speed: Prohibited (with narrow exceptions). No current programs. School zones w/ <30 mph speed limit; officer must be present; local ordinance required Not addressed Photo Not reportable; no points
($1,000 max.; 50 points)
Red light: No state law or programs
Vt. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
V.I. Speed: Limited Beginning or end of highway Driver or registered owner Photo electron image $25 or 2 to 12 points
Red light: Limited
Va. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: Limited Local ordinance required; 1 site per 10,000 residents (up to 10 sites in D.C. area) Registered owner/
Driver
2 photos or other recorded images $50 max.; no court costs; not criminal offense; no points; not used by insurers
($200 max.; 4 points)
Wash. Speed: Limited School zones Registered owner/
Owner
Vehicle, license tag Max. parking violation fine; no record; no points
($250 max.)
Red light: Limited Where two arterial roads intersect
Rail crossing: Permitted Statewide
W.Va. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
Wis. Speed: Prohibited
Red light: Prohibited
Wyo. Speed: No state law or programs
Red light: No state law or programs
Total States Speed Cameras
Prohibited: 12
Limited: 7 + Virgin Islands
Permitted: 2 + D.C.
No state law: 29

Have program(s) operating: 12 + D.C., Virgin Islands
Red Light Cameras
Prohibited: 9
Limited: 11 + Virgin Islands
Permitted: 10 + D.C.
No state law: 20

Have program(s) operating: 24 + D.C., Virgin Islands

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.