Autonomous Vehicles

Autonomous Vehicles

It is widely acknowledged that fully autonomous vehicles, or cars and trucks that can drive themselves without a human at the controls, are coming soon. Many companies are already testing autonomous vehicles (AVs), and AV programs have been launched across the country by various companies in the technology and transportation industries.

AVs have the potential for tremendous safety benefits, but it will be decades until all vehicles on the road will be autonomous, and perhaps they never will. Until then, autonomous vehicles will need to share the road safely with human drivers.

Further, the public remains skeptical about the safety of autonomous vehicles. Surveys have shown that only about 20% of drivers say they would buy an autonomous car as soon as one is available and fewer than one in three say they would be comfortable riding in one.

This presents a challenge to states, which are responsible for public education, driver licensing, and establishing and enforcing traffic laws. GHSA believes that states should play a prominent role in dealing with the issues that will come from a mix of autonomous and human-driven vehicles on the roads.

Autonomous Vehicles Meet Human Drivers: Traffic Safety Issues for Statesav cover

In early 2017, GHSA published a Spotlight on Highway Safety Report to help states understand and address issues related to autonomous vehicles. The report provides an overview of existing and upcoming technologies, information on public knowledge and attitudes, and recommendations for states to effectively prepare for autonomous vehicles and ensure that traffic safety is at the forefront of all AV discussions.

The full report along with infographics is available for download here.

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Laws

There are currently nine states along with the District of Columbia that have enacted laws regarding Autonomous Vehicles (AVs).

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