Teen and Novice Drivers

Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) programs allow young drivers to safely gain driving experience before obtaining full driving privileges. Most programs include three stages:

  • Learner Stage: supervised driving, cumulating with a driving test;
  • Intermediate Stage: limiting unsupervised driving in high risk situations; and
  • Full Privilege Stage: a standard driver's license.

During the 1990s, many states began enacting GDL laws. The programs and types of restrictions vary from state to state. Below are some highlights:

  • Cell Phones/Texting: 38 states and D.C. ban all cell phone use by novice drivers. (See GHSA's Cell Phone laws page for more information.)
  • Nighttime Driving Restriction: All states except Vermont restrict nighttime driving during the intermediate stage.
  • Passenger Restriction: 46 states and D.C. restrict the number of passengers during the intermediate stage.
  • Novice Driver Decal: New Jersey is the only state with a measure requiring those younger than 21 without full-privilege licenses to display a decal on their vehicle identifying them as new drivers.

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on GDL laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Sources: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.

  • Alabama

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50; 0 with driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 6 a.m. No more than 1

     

  • Alaska

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 6 40 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. First 6 months: no passengers under 21

     

  • Arizona

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 30 (10); 0 with driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement) First 6 months: no more than 1 under 18 (secondary enforcement)

     

  • Arkansas

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 6 None

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 11 p.m. - 4 a.m. No more than 1 under 21

     

  • California

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement) First 12 months: no passengers under 20 (secondary enforcement)

     

  • Colorado

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 with driver's ed

    15 / 6 with driver awareness program

    16 without driver's ed. or program

    12 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    First 6 months: no passengers

    Second 6 months: no more than one passenger (secondary enforcement)

     

  • Connecticut

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime Driving: 18

    Driving with Passengers: 17 years, 4 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16

    4 with driver's ed

    6 without driver's ed

    40

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 4 11 p.m. - 5 a.m.

    First 6 months: no passengers except parents or instructor

    Second 6 months: no passengers except parents, instructor or immediate family

     

  • Delaware

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 10 p.m. - 6 a.m. No more than 1

    *Note: Delaware's GDL law also includes a seat belt provision. If a teen driver with a permit or their passenger under age 18 is found not to be wearing a seat belt, the permit holder will have their license suspended for 2 months.

  • District of Columbia

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 40 (10 in intermediate stage)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6

    September through June: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m. (Sun-Thurs); Midnight - 6 a.m. (Fri-Sat)

    July through August: midnight - 6 a.m.

    First 6 months: no passengers

    Thereafter: No more than 2 passengers

  • Florida

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 12 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16

    Age 16: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    Age 17: 1 a.m. - 5 a.m.

    None
  • Georgia

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 12 40 (6)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    First 6 months: no passengers

    Second 6 months: no more than 1 passenger under 21

    Thereafter: No more than 3 passengers (secondary enforcement)

  • Guam

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    No data

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 No data No data

    Intermediate Stage

    No data

  • Hawaii

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 under 18
  • Idaho

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 16

    Driving with passengers: 15 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    15 Sunset - Sunrise First 6 months: no more than 1 under 17
  • Illinois

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 9 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16

    Sun-Thurs: 10 p.m. - 6 a.m

    Fri-Sat: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    First 12 months: no more than 1 under 20
  • Indiana

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 17 years with drivers ed.; 17 years, 3 months without driver's ed.

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 with driver's ed.

    16 without driver's ed.

    6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 3 with driver's ed.

    16 / 9 without driver's ed.

    First 180 days: 10 p.m. - 5 a.m.

    After 180 days: 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. (Sun-Thurs); 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. (Fri-Sat)

    First 180 days: no passengers
  • Iowa

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 12

    20 (2) during Learner Stage

    10 (2) during Intermediate Stage

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 12:30 a.m. - 5 a.m. First 6 months: no more than 1 under 18, parents may waive
  • Kansas

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 12 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 First 6 months: 9 p.m. - 5 a.m. First 6 months: no more than 1 non-sibling

    *Note: At age 15, novice drivers can drive without supervision to and from work or school.

  • Kentucky

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 60 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 Midnight - 6 a.m. No more than 1 under 20 unless supervised by instructor (secondary enforcement)
  • Louisiana

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50 (15)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 under 21 between 6 p.m. - 5 a.m.
  • Maine

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 9 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 70 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. First 9 months: no passengers
  • Maryland

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 16 years, 11 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 9 9 60 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 Midnight - 5 a.m. First 5 months: no passengers under 18 (secondary enforcement)
  • Massachusetts

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 40; 30 with advanced driver training

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 12:30 a.m. - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement 12:30 a.m. - 1 a.m. and 4 a.m. - 5 a.m.) First 6 months: no passengers under 18
  • Michigan

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 / 9 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 10 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 under 21
  • Minnesota

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 16 years, 6 months

    Driving with passengers: 17

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50 (15) or 40 (15) if parent completes 90 minute class

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m.

    First 6 months: no more than 1 under 20

    Second 6 months: no more than 3 under 20

  • Mississippi

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 12 None

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16

    Sun-Thurs: 10 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    Fri-Sat: 11:30 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    None
  • Missouri

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 40 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 1 a.m. - 5 a.m.

    First 6 months: no more than 1 under 19

    Thereafter: no more than 3 under 19

  • Montana

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    15 11 p.m. - 5 a.m.

    First 6 months: no more than 1 under 18

    Second 6 months: no more than 3 under 18

  • Nebraska

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 17 years

    Driving with passengers: 16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50 (10); 0 with driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 6 a.m. (secondary enforcement) First 6 months: no more than 1 under 19 (secondary enforcement)
  • Nevada

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 10 p.m. - 5 a.m. First 6 months: no passengers under 18 (secondary enforcement)
  • New Hampshire

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 17 years, 1 month

    Driving with passengers: 16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 None 40 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 1 a.m. - 4 a.m. First 6 months: no more than 1 under 25
  • New Jersey

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 None

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    17 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 (exception limited to drivers' dependents)
  • New Mexico

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    15 / 6 Midnight - 5 a.m. No more than 1 under 21
  • New York

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years with driver's ed.

    18 years without driver's ed.

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 50 (15)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 9 p.m. - 5 a.m. except NYC (unsupervised driving prohibited at all times) and Long Island (limited daytime unsupervised allowed) No more than 1 under 21
  • North Carolina

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 12

    60 (10) during Learner Stage

    2 (6) during Intermediate Stage

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 9 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 under 21; if passenger under 21 is family, no other non-family passengers under 21
  • North Dakota

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 12 for drivers under 16; otherwise, 6 months or until age 18 (whichever comes first) 50 for drivers under 16; otherwise none

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16; 15 for a parent-requested restricted license Sunset or 9 p.m. (whichelver is later) - 5 a.m. No restriction (other than vehicle manufacturer recommendations)

    *Note: Those with a restricted license may only operate a vehicle owned by their parents or legal guardian and are not permitted to drive a car with more passengers than the vehicle's manufacturer recommends.

  • Northern Mariana Islands

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    No data

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 No data No data

    Intermediate Stage

    No data

  • Ohio

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16

    Age 16: Midnight - 6 a.m.

    Age 17: 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    No more than 1 unless supervised
  • Oklahoma

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months with driver's ed.

    17 years without driver's ed.

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 10 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1
  • Oregon

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50; 100 without driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (exempt if with licensed passenger over 25)

    First 6 months: no passengers under 20

    Second 6 months: No more than 3 passengers under 20

  • Pennsylvania

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years with driver's ed. and 12 months free of crash or conviction

    18 without driver's ed.

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 65 (10) + 5 in inclement weather

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. First 6 months: no more than 1 under 18
  • Rhode Island

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    16 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 6 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. First 12 months: no more than 1 under 21
  • South Carolina

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 40 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    15 / 6

    EST: 6 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    EDT: 8 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    No more than 2 under 21 unless to/from school
  • South Dakota

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    14 180 days (less 90 days with driver's ed.) None

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    14 + 180 days (less 90 days with driver's ed.) 10 p.m. - 6 a.m. None
  • Tennessee

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 11 p.m. - 6 a.m. No more than 1
  • Texas

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 30 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement) No more than 1 under 21 (secondary enforcement)
  • Utah

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 17 years

    Driving with passengers: 16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 40 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. First 6 months: no passengers (secondary enforcement)
  • Vermont

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 12 40 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 No restriction

    First 3 months: no passengers without exception

    Second 3 months: no passengers except family (secondary enforcement)

  • Virgin Islands

    No GDL law

  • Virginia

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 9 45 (15)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 3 Midnight - 4 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    Learner's permit: no more than 1 under 21

    Younger than 18 with provisional license: no more than 1 under 21 (secondary enforcement)

  • Washington

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15

    15 / 6 without driver's ed.

    6 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 1 a.m. - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    First 6 months: no passengers under 20

    Remainder: no more than 3 passengers under 20 (secondary enforcement)

  • West Virginia

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 6 50 (10); 0 with driver's ed.

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 10 p.m. - 5 a.m.

    First 6 months: no passengers under 20

    Second 6 months: no more than one passenger under 20

  • Wisconsin

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 9 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 6 30 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. No more than 1
  • Wyoming

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    16 years, 6 months

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 10 days 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 11 p.m. - 5 a.m. No more than 1 under 18