GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Virginia. Please note that GHSA does not compile any additional data on state laws other than what is presented in these pages. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Child Passenger Safety Laws: Virginia

Child Restraint Required

Under 2 years old in rear-facing infant seat (or until minimum weight requirement reached) (eff. 7/1/19)

7 yrs or under

Children in rear-facing devices must be in a rear seat if available - otherwise, in front only if front passenger airbag is deactivated

Adult Safety Belt Permissible

8-17 yrs (4-7 yrs with physician's exemption)

Maximum Fine for 1st Offense


Speed and Red Light Cameras: Virginia

Speed Cameras

No state law or programs

Red Light Cameras

Violation/State Law


Permitted Locations/Criteria

Local ordinance required; one site per 10,000 residents (up to 10 sites in D.C. area)

Citation Issued To/Liability

Registered owner/Driver

Image Taken

2 photos or other recorded images

Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

$50 maximum; no court costs; not a criminal offense; no points; not used by insurers ($200 maximum; 4 points)

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