District of Columbia

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the District of Columbia. For more information, consult the State Highway Safety Office.

District of Columbia
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of AVs with a human operator.

District of Columbia
Bike helmets required?

Bicycle helmets required for all riders under 16.

District of Columbia
Motorcycle Helmet Required?

Universal helmet law enacted 1970.

District of Columbia
Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

5 years

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Provisions for Mature Drivers

70 and over: no electronic renewal; medical certification required

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Other Limited Access Roads: Trucks (MPH)

n/a

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Rural Interstates: Cars (MPH)

55

District of Columbia
Rural Interstates: Trucks (MPH)

55

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Urban Interstates: Cars (MPH)

n/a

District of Columbia
Urban Interstates: Trucks (MPH)

n/a

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Other Limited Access Roads: Cars (MPH)

n/a

District of Columbia
Increased penalty for high BAC

.20, .25 and .30

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Administrative license suspension on first offense

2-90 days or until deposition

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Limited driving privileges during suspension

Yes

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Ignition Interlocks

Mandatory for all convictions

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Open container laws

Yes

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Repeat Offender Laws

Yes

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Child Restraint Required

Under 2 yrs or under 40 lbs in rear-facing child restraint

2–3 yrs old and under 30 lbs in forward-facing child restraint in the back seat

Under 8 yrs old and under 57” tall in a child restraint or booster seat in the back seat

District of Columbia
Adult Safety Belt Permissible

8-15 yrs

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Intermediate Stage: Minimum Age (Years/Months)

16 / 6

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Intermediate Stage: Nighttime Driving Restriction

September through June: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m. (Sun-Thurs); Midnight - 6 a.m. (Fri-Sat) July through August: midnight - 6 a.m.

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Intermediate Stage: Passenger Restrictions (Except Family, Unless Noted)

First 6 months: no passengers Thereafter: No more than 2 passengers under 21

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Full Privilege Minimum Age

18 years

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Learner Stage: Minimum Age (Years/Months)

16

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Learner Stage: Minimum Duration (Months)

6

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Learner Stage: Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours in Parenthesis)

40 (10 in intermediate stage)

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Type of Law

Primary

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Who is Covered?

16 and over

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In What Seat?

All

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Hand-Held Ban?

Yes. Primary law.

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All Cell Phone Ban? School Bus Drivers

Yes. Primary law.

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All Cell Phone Ban? Novice Drivers

Drivers with learner's permit. Primary law.

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Text Messaging Ban?

All drivers. Primary law.

District of Columbia
Speed Cameras: State Law

Permitted by district law

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Speed Cameras: Where Permitted

Citywide

District of Columbia
Red Light Cameras: State Law

Permitted by district law

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Red Light Cameras: Where Permitted

Citywide

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Marijuana Impaired Driving

None

District of Columbia
DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

None

District of Columbia
Marijuana Possession and Use

Decriminalized and legal for recreational and medical use

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