Speed and Red Light Cameras

Speed and red-light cameras are a type of automated enforcement technology used to detect and deter speeders and red-light runners. Some jurisdictions use similar technology for other traffic violations, such as illegal rail crossings or toll violations.

Many states have enacted legislation either permitting, limiting or prohibiting the use of speed or red-light cameras at the state or local level. Enforcement can be limited to a particular area or community. Penalties usually are more lenient than those used with traditional enforcement. For example, the fine may be lower, points may not be assessed or the citation may not go on the driver's record.

Some localities operate speed and/or red-light cameras even if the state does not specifically permit or prohibit it. The Insurance Institute of Highway Safety maintains a list of all communities operating automated enforcement. This list changes and is updated regularly.

Speed Cameras

  • 19 states and the District of Columbia have passed laws that permit the use of speed cameras.
  • 8 states have passed laws that prohibit the use of speed cameras.

Red-Light Cameras

  • 21 states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws permitting red-light camera use.
  • 8 states have passed laws that prohibit the use of red-light cameras.

NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on speed and red-light camera laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and State Highway Safety Offices.

  • Alabama

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified Jurisdictions


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • Alaska

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Arizona

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide; not permitted on state highways; not permitted within 600 feet of posted speed limit change except near school crossing


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide; not permitted on state highways; not permitted within 600 feet of posted speed limit change except near school crossing

  • Arkansas

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    School zones or rail crossings, though a police officer must be present and issue citation at time and place of violation


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • California

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Colorado

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    School zones, residential neighborhoods, construction zones (only when construction is occurring), and streets that border a municipal park; police officer or government employee must be present at time of violation


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Connecticut

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Delaware

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • District of Columbia

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by district law

    Where Permitted

    Citywide


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Citywide

  • Florida

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Georgia

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    School zones, one hour before and after instruction time


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Hawaii

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Idaho

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Illinois

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    In construction or maintenance zones (only when workers are present); in safety zones - within 1/8th of a mile of a school or park district used for recreational purposes in municipalities with a population of 1 million or more inhabitants (only within certain hours)


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • Indiana

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Iowa

    Speed Cameras

    No state law, but permitted by city ordinance


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law, but permitted by city ordinance

  • Kansas

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Kentucky

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Louisiana

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions; not permitted on interstate highways except operated by state in construction zones when workers are present


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • Maine

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Maryland

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    School zones (only during certain hours); Montgomery County residential districts; areas in or near institutes of higher education in Prince George's County; construction zones on expressways or controlled access highways with a speed limit 45 mph or greater


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Massachusetts

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Michigan

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Minnesota

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Mississippi

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Missouri

    Speed Cameras

    No state law, but permitted by city ordinance.


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law, but permitted by city ordinance.

  • Montana

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Nebraska

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Nevada

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Speed camera equipment must be held in hand or installed temporarily within law enforcement vehicle or facility


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Speed camera equipment must be held in hand or installed temporarily within law enforcement vehicle or facility

  • New Hampshire

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • New Jersey

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • New Mexico

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions; mobile enforcement vans not permitted on state and federal roadways


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions; not permitted on state and federal roadways

  • New York

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions; not permitted on controlled access highway exit ramp or within 300 feet following


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • North Carolina

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • North Dakota

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Ohio

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide; not permitted on interstates when operated by townships


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Oklahoma

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Oregon

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions; no more than 4 hours per day; not on controlled access highways; must be operated by uniformed police officer out of marked police vehicle; only permitted in construction zones when workers are present


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Pennsylvania

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Active work zones when workers are present; in Philadelphia


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Specified jurisdictions

  • Rhode Island

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    School zones, Monday - Friday, 7am - 6pm, August 15 - June 30


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • South Carolina

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • South Dakota

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Tennessee

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    In school zones; on any S-curve that inhibits a driver's vision through the bend


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Statewide

  • Texas

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Utah

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    Police officer must be present; school zones; areas with a speed limit of 30 mph or less


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Vermont

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Virgin Islands

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Virginia

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    School crossing zones and highway work zones


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Statewide; no more than one intersection for every 10,000 residents in each community, except for communities under the Northern Virginia Regional Commission, which are allowed systems at not more than 10 intersections or no more than one intersection for every 10,000 residents, whichever is greater

  • Washington

    Speed Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law

    Where Permitted

    School speed zones; in cities west of the Cascade Mountains, only one camera and upon state legislative approval


    Red Light Cameras

    State Law

    Permitted by state law and city ordinance

    Where Permitted

    Statewide; at intersections of two arterials

  • West Virginia

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    Prohibited

  • Wisconsin

    Speed Cameras

    Prohibited


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs

  • Wyoming

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs


    Red Light Cameras

    No state law or programs