Autonomous Vehicles

There are currently 38 states along with the District of Columbia that have enacted legislation or issues executive orders regarding Autonomous Vehicles (AVs).

  • 5 states simply authorize a study, define key terms or state contacts, or authorize funding
  • 12 states authorize testing, while 16 states and the District of Columbia authorize full deployment. Of these, 18 states now allow testing or deployment without a human operator in the vehicle.
  • 4 states regulate truck platooning.

More information on state AV laws as well as recommendations for states considering AV legislation can be found in GHSA's report Preparing for Automated Vehicles: Traffic Safety Issues for States.

Source: NCSL, IIHS

  • Alabama

    Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator.

  • Arizona

    Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

  • Arkansas

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

  • California

    Authorizes full deployment without a human operator.

  • Colorado

    Authorizes full deployment with a human operator.

  • Connecticut

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

  • Delaware

    Study on AVs authorized.

  • District of Columbia

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs with a human operator.

  • Florida

    Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

  • Georgia

    Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

  • Hawaii

    Authorizes AV testing.

  • Idaho

    Authorized a study on AVs.

  • Illinois

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator

  • Indiana

    Regulates truck platooning.

  • Kentucky

    Regulates truck platooning.

  • Louisiana

    Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator

  • Maine

    Authorizes AV testing.

  • Massachusetts

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

  • Michigan

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

  • Minnesota

    Authorized a study on AVs.

  • Mississippi

    Regulates truck platooning.

  • Nebraska

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs with or without a human operator.

  • Nevada

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

  • New York

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

  • North Carolina

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

  • North Dakota

    Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator.

  • Ohio

    Authorizes AV testing without a human operator.

  • Oregon

    Authorized a study on AVs.

  • Pennsylvania

    Requires a human operator in the driver’s position for every vehicle, including AV testing.

  • South Carolina

    Regulates truck platooning.

  • Tennessee

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

  • Texas

    Authorizes full deployment of AVs without a human operator.

  • Utah

    Authorizes full deployment without a human operator.

  • Vermont

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

  • Virginia

    Authorizes AV testing.

  • Washington

    Authorizes AV testing without a human operator.

  • Wisconsin

    Authorized a study on AVs.