Autonomous Vehicles

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The chart below describes the state laws and executive orders related to autonomous vehicles in the 38 states that have such provisions. Use the arrows below the chart to toggle through the states in alphabetical order. To advance slowly, click the single right arrow (>). To jump to the end, click the double arrows (>>). Or use the filter by state feature to jump to a specific state.
 
Scroll down for a summary and overall totals of the number of states that have specific provisions.

Alabama Arizona Arkansas California
AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator.

AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment without a human operator.

AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment of commercial motor vehicles without a human operator.

AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment with or without a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

AV legislation

Authorizes AV testing with a human operator depending on level of vehicle automation.

AV legislation

Authorizes full deployment without a human operator.

Autonomous Vehicles

There are currently 38 states along with the District of Columbia that have enacted legislation or issues executive orders regarding Autonomous Vehicles (AVs).

  • 5 states simply authorize a study, define key terms or state contacts, or authorize funding
  • 12 states authorize testing, while 16 states and the District of Columbia authorize full deployment. Of these, 18 states now allow testing or deployment without a human operator in the vehicle.
  • 4 states regulate truck platooning.

More information on state AV laws as well as recommendations for states considering AV legislation can be found in GHSA's report Preparing for Automated Vehicles: Traffic Safety Issues for States.

Source: NCSL, IIHS