Colorado

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Colorado. For more information, consult the State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    .15 3 months Yes  

    Ignition Interlocks

    Highly incentivized for all convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes No

     

  • Autonomous Vehicles

    Authorizes full deployment with a human operator.

  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    No bicycle helmet law.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 1 yrs and under 20 lbs in rear-facing infant seat in rear seat if available

    1-3 yrs and 20-40 lbs in child safety seat

    4-7 yrs in booster seat

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    8-15 yrs

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $82

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    No

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    No

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers under 18. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • Reasonable inference law with legal limit >0 for THC

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Decriminalized and legal for recreational and medical use
    • Impaired Driving: Reasonable inference for THC (5 ng)
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    10 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    61 and over: renewal every 5 years

    66 and over: no electronic renewal, mail renewal requires passage of vision exam within the prior 6 months

     

  • Motorcyclists

    Helmets required for all riders and passengers under 18. Universal helmet law repealed 1977.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Secondary

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 18 and over (primary law for riders under 18)

    In What Seat?

    Front

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $71

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are conducted once or twice a month. Their legality is upheld under state and federal Constitution. 

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Construction and school zones, residential areas or adjacent to municipal park

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $40 maximum or $80 in school zone; no points or record; warning for 1st offense if going 10 mph or less over speed limit ($151 including surcharge)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Permitted

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Statewide.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $75; no points or record ($111 including surcharge)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    75 75

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

     

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 with driver's ed

    15 / 6 with driver awareness program

    16 without driver's ed. or program

    12 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 Midnight - 5 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    First 6 months: no passengers

    Second 6 months: no more than one passenger (secondary enforcement)

     

  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    All

    Enhanced Penalties

    Double original fine

    Workers Must Be Present?

    No

    Signs Must Be Present?

    No