Illinois

GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Illinois. For more information, consult the State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving

    Penalties

    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    .16 6 months After 30 days Impoundment, vehicle confiscation

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for all convictions

    Other

    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    Yes Yes No

     

  • Autonomous Vehicles

    Authorized a study on AVs.

  • Bicyclists and Pedestrians

    No bicycle helmet laws.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 8 yrs

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    8-15 yrs

    Over 40 lbs in rear seat if only lap belt available

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $75 ($200 for subsequent offenses)

  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    Yes. Primary law.

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    Yes. Primary law.

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers under 19. Primary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • Zero tolerance for some drugs

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Decriminalized and legal for medical use
    • Impaired Driving: Zero tolerance for THC and metabolites
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    4 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    81-86: renewal every 2 years

    87 and over: renewal every year

    75 and over: road test required

     

  • Motorcyclists

    Universal helmet law repealed 1970.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Primary

    Who Is Covered?

    Riders 16 and over

    In What Seat?

    All

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $25 plus court costs

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Several hundred checkpoints are conducted each year. Their legality is upheld under federal Constitution.

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Construction zones or toll roads. Local use prohibited. State use only when officer is present and witnesses the event.

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    Tag and driver

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $250 or 25 hours of community service ($250 mandatory; 20 points)


    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Owner

    Image Taken

    2 or more images of vehicle and tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $100 and/or traffic education program; not a moving violation or a record offense ($500 maximum; 20 points)


    Rail Crossing Cameras

    Violation/State Law

    Limited

    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required; in cooperation with IL DOT and IL Commerce Commission

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver (owner if driver is not identified by owner)

    Image Taken

    Vehicle, driver and tag

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $250 or 25 hours of community service ($250 maximum for 1st offense; $500 for subsequent offenses with discretionary 6 month suspension)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    55 55

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 55
  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    Nighttime driving: 18 years

    Driving with passengers: 17 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 9 50 (10)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16

    Sun-Thurs: 10 p.m. - 6 a.m

    Fri-Sat: 11 p.m. - 6 a.m.

    First 12 months: no more than 1 under 20
  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected

    Speeding

    Enhanced Penalties

    $375 for 1st offense; $1,000 for all subsequent offenses

    Workers Must Be Present?

    No

    Signs Must Be Present?

    Yes