GHSA maintains data on state laws surrounding a number of highway safety issues. Below is information regarding laws in the state of Virginia. For more information, consult the State Highway Safety Office.

  • Alcohol Impaired Driving


    Increased Penalty for High BAC Administrative License Suspension on First Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Suspension Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions
    .15 and .20 7 days   Vehicle confiscation

    Ignition Interlocks

    Mandatory for all convictions


    Open Container Laws Repeat Offender Laws Alcohol Exclusion Laws Limiting Treatment
    No Yes Yes
  • Autonomous Vehicles

    Authorizes AV testing with a human operator.

  • Child Passenger Safety

    Child Restraint Required

    Under 2 years old in rear-facing infant seat (or until minimum weight requirement reached)

    7 yrs or under

    Children in rear-facing devices must be in a rear seat if available - otherwise, in front only if front passenger airbag is deactivated

    Adult Safety Belt Permissible

    8-17 yrs (4-7 yrs with physician's exemption)

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense


  • Distracted Driving

    Hand-Held Ban?

    Work zones only. Primary law.

    All Cell Phone Ban?

    School Bus Drivers

    Yes. Primary law.

    Novice Drivers

    Drivers under 18. Secondary law.

    Text Messaging Ban?

    All drivers. Primary law.

  • Drug Impaired Driving

    DUID Zero Tolerance or Per se Laws for Some Drugs

    • Per se >0 for some drugs

    Marijuana-Specific Laws

    • Possession and Use: Illegal
    • Impaired Driving: None
  • Mature Drivers

    Length of Regular Renewal Cycle

    8 years

    Provisions for Mature Drivers

    75 and over: renewal every 5 years in person with vision test (in person or physician report)


  • Motorcyclists

    Universal helmet law enacted 1970.

  • Seat Belts

    Type of Law

    Secondary; Primary for occupants under 18

    Who Is Covered?

    All drivers; passengers 18 and over

    In What Seat?

    18 and over: Front

    Under 18: All

    Maximum Fine for 1st Offense

    $25 (driver ticketed for passengers under 18)

  • Sobriety Checkpoints

    Checkpoints are conducted weekly. Their legality is upheld under state and federal Constitution.

  • Speed and Red Light Cameras

    Speed Cameras

    No state law or programs

    Red Light Cameras

    Violation/State Law


    Permitted Locations/Criteria

    Local ordinance required; one site per 10,000 residents (up to 10 sites in D.C. area)

    Citation Issued To/Liability

    Registered owner/Driver

    Image Taken

    2 photos or other recorded images

    Penalties (Traditional Penalties)

    $50 maximum; no court costs; not a criminal offense; no points; not used by insurers ($200 maximum; 4 points)

  • Speeding and Aggressive Driving

    Rural Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Urban Interstates

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    70 70

    Other Limited Access Roads

    Cars (MPH) Trucks (MPH)
    65 65

    Aggressive Driver Actions Defined by Statute

    Is a hazard to others with the intent to harass, intimidate, injure or obstruct another person while committing at least one of the following: failure to drive on the right side of highway, driving outside of marked lanes, following too closely, failure to yield or stop before entering roadway, failure to obey traffic control device, passing when overtaking a vehicle, passing on right, failure to yield right of way, speeding, stopping on a highway.

  • Teen and Novice Drivers

    Full Privilege Minimum Age

    18 years

    Learner Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Minimum Duration (Months)

    Required Supervised Driving Hours (Night Hours)

    15 / 6 9 45 (15)

    Intermediate Stage

    Minimum Age (Years/Months)

    Nighttime Driving Restriction

    Passenger Restriction (except family, unless noted)

    16 / 3 Midnight - 4 a.m. (secondary enforcement)

    Learner's permit: no more than 1 under 21

    Younger than 18 with provisional license: no more than 1 under 21 (secondary enforcement)

  • Work Zones

    Violations Affected


    Enhanced Penalties

    Up to $500

    Workers Must Be Present?


    Signs Must Be Present?