Drug Impaired Driving
Every state has laws dealing with alcohol-impaired driving and drug-impaired driving. But unlike the laws for drunk driving, those that address drugged driving are nuanced, difficult to enforce and prosecute and vary substantially by state.
In addition to general impairment laws, there are two basic laws that states tend to use when addressing drug-impaired driving:
- Zero Tolerance laws make it illegal to drive with any measurable amount of specified drugs in the body. These laws are best suited for illegal drugs: if it is illegal to possess or use a drug, then it is reasonable to prohibit driving after the drug has been possessed and used.
- 16 states have zero tolerance laws in effect for one or more drugs.
- Per Se laws make it illegal to drive with amounts of specified drugs in the body that exceed set limits.
- 6 states have per se laws in effect for one or more drugs.
Marijuana Drug-Impaired Driving Laws
18 states have zero tolerance or non-zero per se laws for marijuana.
- 9 states have zero tolerance for THC or a metabolite.
- 3 states have zero tolerance for THC but no restriction on metabolites.
- 5 states have specific per se limits for THC
- 1 state (Colorado) has a reasonable inference law for THC
A PDF list of state marijuana-related laws is also available here.
NOTE: GHSA does not compile any additional data on drug impaired driving laws other than what is presented here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office.
Sources: State Highway Safety Offices.
The West Virginia Governor's Highway Safety Program was one of the recipients of GHSA and the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility's (Responsibility.org) 2017 grants to combat drug-impaired driving.
Before receiving the grant, West Virginia had 33 trained Drug Recognition Experts (DREs) providing services to the state's 55 counties. In order to fill gaps in staffing, West Virginia sought to use this funding to add an additional DRE training class in 2017.
With recreational marijuana now legal in California, safety experts are concerned about how to best detect and deter drugged driving. This article cites GHSA's 2017 report on the issue of DUID.
Recreational marijuana is legal in California, but stoned driving is still hard to detect
January 21, 2018
Article by Brad Branan
Drug-impaired driving is an increasingly serious issue on our roadways. GHSA Consultant Dr. Jim Hedlund and Arizona Governor's Office of Highway Safety Director Alberto Gutier speak to ongoing concerns.
Article by Jim Walsh
December 17, 2017
The Texas Department of Transportation's Traffic Safety Section was one of the recipients of GHSA and Responsibility.org's 2016 grants aimed at combating drug-impaired driving.
After experiencing a 19% increase in fatal crashes involving a drug-impaired driver between 2013 and 2014, TxDOT sought to add more law enforcement officers trained in Advanced Roadside Impaired Driving Enforcement (ARIDE) to their roads.
Prescription medication can seriously impair a driver's ability to operate a vehicle safely. GHSA Consultant Dr. Jim Hedlund discusses the findings of a new survey on driver prescription medication use.
Article by Cheryl Weinstock
November 3, 2017
A new study commissioned by SADD looks at teens' opinions of marijuana-impaired driving. This article references GHSA and Responsibility.org's 2017 drugged driving report, quoting report author Dr. Jim Hedlund.
Article by Cheryl Jensen
October 13, 2017
Drugged and drunk driving are both serious issues on our roadways, as GHSA and Responsibility.org's 2017 DUID report showed. Referencing the report, this article details what law enforcement are seeing with regards to both issues in upstate New York.
Article by Anthony Borrelli
August 24, 2017
America is in the midst of an opioid crisis, which is extending to its roads. Dr. Jim Hedlund, author of GHSA's recent report on drugged driving, discusses the recent spike in opioid-involved crashes.
July 31, 2017
Article by Steven Reinberg